Activities in Papua New Guinea

The Integrated Community Development Project in the Settlement Areas in National Capital District

1. Project Background and Objective

Project Background and Objective01

The population of the National Capital District (NCD) increased rapidly since the independence, and the average population increase attained 6.4% during 1975-90. After 1990, the population increase in the NCD has occurred mainly in "settlements" of various tribal people migrated from all over the Country. The PNG Government now considers the settlement development essential in guiding the urbanization of the Country in general and the capital district in particular.
The Integrated Community Development Project (ICDP) in the settlement areas in NCD is a technical cooperation project of Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) implemented with the two counterpart agencies of the PNG Government: the Department for Community Development (DFCD) and the National Capital District Commission NCDC). The Department of National Planning and Rural Development (DNPRD) is also involved in the Project.
The objective of the Project is :
to enhance overall capacity of DFCD and NCDC officials and community leaders for community development.

Project Background and Objective02Project Background and Objective03Project Background and Objective04

2. Main Characteristics of the ICDP

Main characteristics of the Project are as follows.

  1. It utilizes pilot projects as well as various trainings as means to realize the capacity development.
  2. It adopts a participatory approach to planning, implementation and management of the pilot projects to effect the capacity development.
  3. It aims at the capacity development not only at the individual level but also at the organizational level involving government officials, community leaders and NGOs, and the contribution to the capacity development at the social/institutional level as well.
  4. It combines various methods and subjects of trainings for both on-the-job and off-the job trainings to enhance the overall effects of the capacity development.

The unique approach that has been taken as characterized above is now generally referred to as the ICDP approach.

ICDP Approach – What is it?
The ICDP approach to the community development in settlements is to improve the living conditions in settlements by the participatory approach to planning, implementation and management of various community development projects by using the PCM and other participatory methods and self-help efforts of settlement people supported by the governments.

3. Project Implementation

The Project, started in April 2005, has been implemented initially through March 2007 with the following phasing.

Phase 1
April - August 2005

  • Analysis on existing conditions and identification of priority needs in the Project settlements
  • Training workshops
Phase 2
October 2005 - March 2006
  • Formulation of pilot projects and implementing arrangements<
  • Training workshops
Phase 3
May 2006 - March 2007
  • Implementation of the pilot projects
  • Training workshops

Two organizations have been established for the implementation of the Project. The Joint Implementation Committee (JIC) is the joint implementing agency, consisting of officials of DFCD, NCDC and DNPRD, representatives of settlements, and the JICA Consultant Team. The Joint Coordination Committee (JCC), consisting of the DFCD Secretary, the NCDC City Manager, the DNPRD representative, and representatives of related Japanese organizations including JICA itself, supervises and coordinate the operation of project works.

4. Pilot Projects

The following nine pilot projects have been formulated and implemented by participatory approach in the Project settlements.

SettlementProject components
Nine Mile
(Kerema, Makana and Morobe blocks)
Construction and operation of a mini market
Skill training and micro finance for livelihood and business development
ErimaConstruction of youth workshop
Skill training for livelihood and business development
TeteConstruction of a police post and ancillary facilities
Leadership training for conflict resolution
Morata 4Construction of a water supply system with a well, water tank and distribution pipes
MomokouraImprovement of land use arrangement with customary owner
Construction of pig pens
Livelihood development with pig raising
VadavadaConstruction of a community hall
Micro finance for livelihood and business development
GorobeConstruction of a community hall
Skill training for livelihood development
Savaka-SabamaFacilitation in ensuring access to water services by Eda Ranu
Improvement of water supply services
Joyce Bay Installation of septic tank toilet system
Health awareness raising

Pilot Projects01Pilot Projects02Groundwater Utilization Project at Morata 4

the Project. The Joint Implementation Committee (JIC) is the joint implementing agency, consisting of officials of DFCD, NCDC and DNPRD, representatives of settlements, and the JICA Consultant Team. The Joint Coordination Committee (JCC), consisting of the DFCD Secretary, the NCDC City Manager, the DNPRD representative, and representatives of related Japanese organizations including JICA itself, supervises and coordinate the operation of project works.

Pilot Projects03

Implementing Arrangements for Pilot Projects
Pilot Projects04Design for Community Hall at Vadavada

5. Training Program

Training Program01

Training workshops have been conducted on the following subjects.

  1. Methods of project cycle management (PCM) for stakeholder analysis, problem analysis, objective analysis, project design matrix, plan of operation, and monitoring and evaluation,
  2. Training of trainers,
  3. Budget management,
  4. Strategic proposal writing,
  5. Collaboration between administration and civil society, and
  6. Participatory community development planning with drawing of problems, resource mapping, vision formulation and community development planning.

In addition, several counterpart personnel have been participating training courses in Japan, and also training programs in Indonesia and Sri Lanka.

Training Program02Training Program03Training Program04

6. Possible Extension of the Project

The ICDP is expected to be extended to other settlements in the NCD and further to settlements in other regions as well, while deepening of the experiences in the original Project settlements is also expected. To effect these extensions, organizational structure of DFCD and NCDC has been reviewed and partly improved. Also, the settlement strategy has been prepared by NCDC, and is expected to become important part of the national urbanization strategy of the PNG Government. An official request for the subsequent phase of the Project has already been submitted by the PNG Government, and favorably endorsed by the Japanese Embassy.

For more information contact:
JICA Integrated Community Development Project Team (JICA ICDP Team)
Department for Community Development
PO Box 7354, Boroko, NCD, Papua New Guinea
Tel/Fax : (675)-325-0119, E-mail: jica-icdp@datec.net.pg

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