After more than two decades of civil war in Southern Sudan, urban infrastructures such as roads and water supply facilities are greatly lacking in capital Juba. Since the war ended in 2005, urban problems have grown severe as refugees have made their way back to Juba, and immediate assistance is necessary for the situation. The project will provide technical support to formulate a plan to alleviate chronic water shortages and supply safe, clean water while improving the local capacity to manage water supply projects.
During the study, a practical short- term and medium-term plan will be formulated that meets the vision for water supply infrastructure in Juba and surrounding areas. Additionally, a feasibility study will be carried out for high-priority facilities. Further, support will be provided to water supply engineers for capacity development at Southern Sudan Urban Water Corporation and other related agencies, and a water committee will be set up with resident participation to operate and maintain community water taps.
For their water source, many residents currently depend on untreated water from the Nile or well water, which has a high concentration of salt. The development of water sources to supply clean water is therefore an important issue in this study. A comparison will be made between the surface water of the White Nile River and the abundant groundwater under its old course to determine which is better for water source. Another important issue in this study is how to quickly provide safe water to residents in a way that is fair. Making water connections to individual residents has been ruled out as it requires a great deal of time and funding.