January 24, 2016
On 24 January, 2016, the 2nd National Integrity Strategy Training was launched for 80 government officers. This four days training course aims to increase knowledge and skills among the concerned officers to promote the NIS implementation, especially to increase accountability of the government institutions. In inaugural ceremony, Cabinet Secretary Mohammad Shafiul Alam, mentioned the government officers need to lead the journey for a long way towards national integrity, while NIS has adopted a holistic approach that encompasses non-state organizations as an implementers. He urged the participants to enforce the government's initiatives fully to increase transparency and accountability of the government.
The Senior Secretary of the Ministry of Public Administration, Dr. Kamal Abdul Naser Chowdhury stressed in his speech that existence of NIS is indispensable to promote good governance and achieve a corruption free State and Society. He underscores that as NIS is a State document it is mandatory for all public servants to comply and act accordingly. Mr. Mikio Hataeda, JICA Chief Representative, explained why good governance matters to achieve economic growth and become a middle-income country by 2021. Mr. N M Zeaul Alam, Secretary in-Charge (Coordination & Reforms), Cabinet Division shared the progress of NIS implementation so far. The inaugural ceremony was chaired by Mr. Muhammad Abdullah, Rector of BCSAA. In his concluding remarks, the Rector urges the participants to abide by the training discipline during their stay in the Academy.
The Cabinet approved the NIS on 18 October 2012 as a government's comprehensive strategy to promote good governance and achieve a corruption-free State and Society. The NIS consists of 115 actions to be implemented by state and non-state institutions. In order to implement the NIS effectively, the Cabinet Division has been implementing "NIS Support Project" since October 2014, aiming at establishing an effective framework for NIS implementation, in collaboration with JICA. Under the project, several training opportunities have been provided for the concerned government officers to deepen understanding of the NIS concept and contents, gain knowledge of anti-corruption measures, and understand global trends of integrity and anti-corruption. The training from today has been designed as an event of continuity.
Background of NIS
To achieve its long-term development plan "Vision 2021" and its medium-term development plan "Sixth Five-Year Plan" (2011–2015), the Government of Bangladesh (GOB) considers it essential to improve governance, and particularly eradicate corruption. The GOB has become a signatory nation to the United Nations Convention against Corruption in 2007. Using its accession to the United Nations Convention against Corruption as an impetus, the GOB formulated its National Integrity Strategy (NIS). After the series of consultation meetings with stakeholders, the Cabinet approved the NIS document on 18 October 2012.
Significance of NIS
NIS is a government's comprehensive strategy to promote good governance and achieve a corruption-free State and Society. NIS has adopted a holistic approach to promote good governance, looking at entire range of relevant institutions, including non-state institutions, while focusing relationship among them. All institution needs to play expected roles to achieve good governance. This is aligned to the Father of the Nation's remark "The nation must be united against corruption. If public opinion is not mobilized, corruption cannot be stopped by enforcement of law alone". NIS aims to mobilize the Society. The Society on its turn will demand changes for better Bangladesh.
Contents of NIS
NIS identifies the contexts of and challenges faced by different state and non-state institutions and sets goals of the institutions to ensure integrity. NIS proposes short, medium & log-term recommendations for achieving the goals for state and non-state institution and suggests time-bound action plan for implementation of these recommendations.
Institutional arrangement for NIS implementation
As shown in Figure 1, organizations implementing the NIS include non-state institutions such as political parties, the private sector, educational institutions, NGOs, the media, and families.
Background of the Project
JICA supports the improvement of the administrative functions of the Government of Bangladesh. Recognizing the NIS as an important strategy in improving governance, JICA has decided to implement a technical cooperation project from October 2014 to promote the implementation of the NIS. The Project is expected to be completed in September 2016.
Why support NIS?
The goal of the NIS matches one of the approaches in JICA's governance support ‘To eliminate informal political interference to public administration, and contribute to the enhancement of accountability of the government through supporting improvement in the overall system, capacity development of institutions and civil servants and improvement in the public service system'.
Objective of NIS Support Project
The Project aims to establish a Plan-Do-Check-Action (PDCA) cycle of NIS implementation within the project period (to September 2016). Each ministry/institution formulates its NIS work plan and implements the activities based on the plan. monitors the implementation status of the various activities. If the implementation of any activities is delayed, the reason for this will be analysed.If some institutions find it difficult to implement activities according to their plan, or if results are not manifested, it is necessary to analyse the cause and reconsider the plan. The course of activities must then be corrected based on a revised plan. The PDCA cycle for NIS implementation is shown in the Table below. The Project also aims to enhance capacity of the NIIU officers and Integrity Focal Points that is needed to establish the PDCA cycle.
Target group of the Project
The beneficiaries of the Project are the officials of the Cabinet Division, including the NIIU officers, Integrity Focal Points, and Anti-Corruption Commission officials involved in the NIS. All of them belong to the Bangladesh Civil Service Administration. Those of the Bangladesh Civil Service Administration are the executive officials among public servants who play a central role in managing public institutions.
Major project activities
The Project casually consists of six components: (1) NIS Planning, (2) NIS monitoring, (3) Promotion of NIS implementation, (4) Corruption Prevention, (5) Capacity development, and (6) Public Relations. Major activities of each component are as follows.
(1) Major activities related to NIS Planning
Formulation of Standard Operational Procedures (SOPs)
SOPs describe step-by-step activities that should be taken by the Ethics Committees and the role of Integrity Focal Points in these activities.
Formulation of NIS work plan
Ministries and divisions formulate respective NIS Work Plans based on SOPs.
Formulation of NIS roadmap
NIIU formulates NIS roadmap that clarifies the course of priority action to be shared among stakeholders.
(2) Major activities related to NIS monitoring
Formulation of monitoring guideline
NIIU formulates a guideline that explains how to measure the progress of NIS work plan, including the monitoring template. NIIU organizes a workshop for Integrity Focal Points to explain how to conduct a monitoring.
Ethics Committee and Integrity Focal Point conduct monitoring on the progress of NIS work plan quarterly. NIIU compiles the monitoring reports from ministries and submits to the Executive Committee.
(3) Major activities related to promotion of NIS implementation
Focal Point Workshop
NIIU organizes a workshop for Integrity Focal Points on a regular basis to sensitize them and promote NIS implementation. The participants share their experiences and discuss how to implement their NIS work plans effectively.
Events for stakeholders
NIIU and concerned ministries and divisions organize a seminar/workshop for non-state institutions such as NGO, media, private sector, educational institutions, and state training institutions to increase their integrity.
Promotion of social accountability tools
Whistle Blower Protection, Grievance Redress System, Public Hearing are promoted to increase accountability of public administration.
(4) Major activities related to corruption prevention
Provision of training and sensitization event to Integrity Focal Points
Anti-corruption Committee organizes training and workshop for the focal points to raise their awareness of corruption prevention.
(5) Major activities related to capacity development
Training in Bangladesh
A comprehensive training is provided to the NIS-related officers of Cabinet Division and Integrity Focal Points in Dhaka. Japanese intellectuals may be also invited to provide a lecture.
Training in Japan
A 10 days training course is planned to study the accountability system of public administration in Japan.
(6) Major activities related to public relations
Promotion of awareness and understanding of the NIS among civil servants
The Project organizes a workshop for state training institutions to accelerate the spread of the NIS among civil servants.Ministries and divisions creates an NIS section on their official websites.
Increasing public awareness of NIS
The Project organizes a series of dialogues with NGO, media, the public sector, and educational institutions. To make public aware of NIS, its logo design is developed and promotion tools such as pin badge and sticker are developed.The Project also gathersand analyses the NIS-related good practices once a year, and disseminates good practices to public.