Climate change is one of the major challenges of our time, and posing a substantial threat to human security, stability, and prosperity across our societies. The Paris Agreement was adopted at the 21st session of the Conference of the Parties (COP21) of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) (external link) in December 2015, which aims at holding the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2°C above pre-industrial levels and striving to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C above pre-industrial levels.
Without urgent actions on climate change, there will be considerable damage to the global economy and society due to increasing natural disasters, disappearing coastal land due to sea-level rise, loss and degradation of natural ecosystems and biodiversity, and growing risks of infectious diseases and food security. Addressing climate change is an indispensable factor for sustainable development.
As a development partner, the JICA is exerting efforts to address climate change in developing countries with the momentum of the Paris Agreement (external link) and other international frameworks, including the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 (external link).
JICA has set four priority issues in climate change cooperation:
JICA adopts three approaches in promoting climate change cooperation:
JICA has developed a planning tool with the view of mainstreaming climate change mitigation and adaptation measures into JICA's development projects across sectors.
The tool (2 versions) helps planners to:
The Green Climate Fund (GCF) (external link) was established as the operating entity of the financial mechanism of the UNFCCC in 2010. GCF supports developing countries to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and enhance their ability to respond to climate change.
In July 2017, JICA became one of the first accredited entities in Japan. An Accreditation Master Agreement (AMA) was signed between GCF and JICA in May 2018, and effectuated in April 2019. As an accredited entity, JICA is expanding its climate change efforts through this effective collaboration.
For more details about the partnership, please click here.