Natural resources and energy are not only a risk but an opportunity for developing countries. The key for sophistication of industry in developing countries is to secure stable natural resources and also energy at low cost. In other words, in developing countries with natural resources, the way natural resources are utilized and managed has a great influence on the future of their growth and development. For the international community, including Japan, appropriate supply of natural resources and energy and low-carbonization are also significant issues for economic growth, the global environment, and resources and energy security. JICA is working on energy and mining issues with a focus on contributing to a stable supply of environmentally friendly natural resources and energy at low cost.