September 25, 2014
The government of the Philippines has approved a transport infrastructure plan, based on a study by JICA, that seeks to reduce traffic congestion, pollution and the economic burden on the poor.
The final report of the roadmap is now available in JICA’s online library.
You can also download the summary of the study.
Located in Makati City, the EDSA-Ayala interchange was built under JICA’s Metro Manila Interchange Project Phase III from 1995 to 2000 to help ease traffic in the business district.
The National Economic Development Authority Board of the Philippines, chaired by President Benigno S. Aquino III, approved the “Roadmap for Transport Infrastructure Development for Metro Manila and Its Surrounding Areas” in June. The roadmap, also known as the Mega Manila Dream Plan, also seeks to address the problem of people living in hazardous conditions.
The study concluded that without intervention, traffic costs will likely to increase to 6 billion pesos (14.69 billion yen) a day from today’s 2.4 billion pesos (5.9 billion yen) by 2030.
“JICA hopes to work with the government in implementing some of these ideas to help improve mobility, and the quality of life of people in Metro Manila, and its surrounding areas,” said JICA Philippines Senior Representative Eigo Azukizawa.
“An efficient public transport system is a pro-poor investment as it provides reasonable ways of moving. As well, it enables people to commute from suburban areas where one can afford housing in a more spacious and safer area,” he added.
Preliminary analysis in the study showed that the average low income group households have to spend no less than 20 percent of their monthly household income for transport. Without intervention, traffic demand will likely increase by 13 percent by 2030, and transport costs will be 2.5 times higher.
In terms of social impact, the JICA study said that with interventions, it is likely that the average transport fare of 42 pesos by a commuter today will be reduced to 24 pesos due to improved connectivity and common fare. Travel time is also likely to be reduced from 80 minutes per trip to 31 minutes.
The Japan International Cooperation Agency conducted the study in close coordination with the Department of Transportation and Communications, the Department of Public Works and Highways, the Metro Manila Development Authority and other relevant agencies.