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November 9, 2017

JICA Partnership Meeting with Disaster Risk Reduction Organizations in Asian Region

Overview

Name of Meeting: JICA Partnership Meeting with Disaster Risk Reduction Organizations in Asian Region
Date: November 9, 2017
Sponsors: JICA (Disaster Risk Reduction Group, Global Environment Department)
Location: JICA HQ 229 meeting room

Moderators and panelists

Session 1: Opening Remarks and Confirmation of the Concept of the Meeting
Opening Remarks: Junji Wakui, Deputy Director General of Global Environment Dept, JICA

Session 2: Present Condition and Issues of the Sendai Framework's Global Target (e)
Presenters:
-Ko Goto, Diretor of DRR group, JICA
-Jaldon Emmanuel Rodriguez, Officer-in-charge, Davao City Disaster Risk Reduction and Management Office, Philippines
-Henadirage Don Gamini Priyantha, Assistant Director (District), Disaster Management Centre, Sri Lanka
-Dhakal Umesh Kumar, Under Secretary, Ministry of Home Affairs, Nepal

Session 3: Necessary Institutional and Budgetary Measures for promoting Investment in DRR
Presenters:
-Shintaro Akiyama, Senior Deputy Director of DRR group, JICA
-Aruminingsih, Associate Planner, National Development Planning Agency/ Bappenas, Indonesia

Session 4: Toward the World BOSAI Forum, Asian Ministerial Conference for DRR (AMCDRR)
Presenters:
-Yukinari Hosokawa, Senior Deputy Director of DRR group, JICA
-Demberelnyam Baasansuren, Director, LTC, National Emergency Management Agency, Mongolia

Session 5: Wrap up and closing
Moderator: Kimio Takeya, Distinguished Technical Advisor to the President, JICA
Discussant:
-Satoru Nishikawa, Executive Director of Research, Japan Center for Area Development Research
-Yuichi Ono, Assistant Director and Professor, Tohoku University, IRIDeS

Primary objectives and outcomes

Background:
This meeting was arranged as a back-to-back event of JICA Knowledge Co-Creation Program "Promotion of Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction."
The Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 was adopted at the 3rd UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in Sendai Japan, March 2015. The Framework includes 4 priority actions and 7 global targets. The Global Target (e) of the Framework is to "Substantially increase the number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction (DRR) strategies by 2020", and has an earlier timeframe, comparing to other global targets targeting the year 2030. Therefore, the Global Target (e) has to be promoted earlier.
Purpose:
Share experiences, exchange information and opinions on local DRR plan and investment in DRR, then confirm necessary actions from the view point of "how to promote the Sendai Framework". Output of the meeting will be presented firstly at the World Bosai Forum held on 27th November 2017 in Sendai, Japan, and in other international conferences as a joint effort among JICA and Asian DRR organizations.

Content of the discussions

Discussion was held in a series of sessions with five topics:
-Session 1: Opening Remarks and Confirmation of the Concept of the Meeting
-Session 2: Present Condition and Issues of the Sendai Framework's Global Target (e)
-Session 3: Necessary Institutional and Budgetary Measures for promoting Invesstment in DRR
-Session 4: Toward the World BOSAI Forum, Asian Ministerial Conference for DRR
-Session 5: Wrap up and Closing
In each session, after brief presentations from JICA on the topics, the participants from Philippines, Sri Lanka and Nepal presented their local DRR plan, a participant from Indonesia delivered a presentation about their effort to mainstream DRR in the National Development Plan, and a Mongolian participant shared the present condition and preparation for the AMCDRR in 2018. Based on those presentations, JICA's Distinguished Technical Advisor to the President, Mr. Takeya facilitated further discussions. In the wrap-up, participants exchanged opinions and confirmed the following matters as an outcome document from the standpoint of practitioners in Asia.

(1) Member states should focus on achieving the Global Target "(e) national and local DRR strategies" by 2020, since this will help achieving other Global Targets, especially "(c) Reduction of the direct disaster economic loss" by 2030, as well as expanding investment in DRR for sustainable development.
(2) The AMCDRR 2018 would be a critical opportunity to discuss among high-level decision makers and practitioners in the Asian Region to achieve the Global Target (e). Shared experiences and knowledge of participants should identify the bottlenecks to achieve the Global Target (e), as well as ways to overcome them. This will pave the way towards 2020.
(3) Practical methodologies of involving finance and/or planning departments in the preparing process of local DRR strategies and plans, should be shared in the AMCDRR in order to mainstream DRR into governmental policies.

[Participants recommended that the following themes should be shared and discussed in AMCDRR 2018 in Mongolia]
The participants from the viewpoint of practitioners recommended that the following themes should be shared and discussed at AMCDRR 2018:
(1) Practical methodologies for Target (e)
I. What are the Bottlenecks and challenges
II. What are the key points to success
(2) Sharing of experiences of each member states in the Asian Region that have encountered a wide range of and frequent natural disasters.
(3) How to provide input to diplomats, policy makers, financial and/or planning departments based on experiences on the ground.
(4) How to balance and prioritize DRR investment among many candidates projects.
(5) How to justify and prioritize investment in structural measures and reduction of direct economic losses than complementary tools such as disaster risk insurance.

photo11 participants are from 8 countries of JICA Knowledge Co-Creation Program "Mainstreaming DRR"

photoParticipants are listening carefully the presentation

photoMr. Baasansuren from Mongolia is delivering the presentation regarding the present condition of Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction 2018 in Monglia.

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