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November 28, 2017

Davos-Sendai World Bosai Forum International Disaster and Risk Conference 2017 in Sendai

Overview

Name of Meeting: Davos-Sendai World Bosai Forum International Disaster and Risk Conference 2017 in Sendai
Date: November 25(Sat) - 28(Tues), 2017
Sponsors: World Bosai Forum Executive Committee
Location: Sendai International Center, Sendai, Japan

Moderators and panelists

(1) JICA session "Investing in Disaster Risk Reduction for Sustainable Development"
Gerson Martinez, Former Minister of Public Works, Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, Republic of El Salvador
Adoracion Navarro, Undersecretary, National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA), Republic of the Philippines
Tsogtbaatar Ganzorig, Deputy Chief, National Emergency Management Agency (NEMA), Mongolia
Hideo Abe, Former Mayor of Higashimatsushima-City, Japan
Jolanta Kryspin-Watson, Lead Disaster Risk Management Specialist, Urban and Disaster Risk Management, East Asia & Pacific/ World Bank

JICA: Kunihiro Yamauchi, Director General of Global Environment Department
Kimio Takeya, Distinguished Technical Advisor to the President

Audience: Approximately 230

Primary objectives and outcomes

Background:
The purpose of the "Davos-Sendai World Bosai Forum International Disaster and Risk Conference 2017 in Sendai" was to promote the implementation of "Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030," which was adopted by the UN General Assembly in 2015. Sendai City and Tohoku University organized this event in cooperation with the Davos conference which is held biennially in Davos, Switzerland. This was the first time the forum was being held and it is planned to be held every other year.

Purpose:
The session "Investing in Disaster Risk Reduction for Sustainable Development" aimed to share experiences and solutions in local, national, and global efforts. There is a funding gap for Pre-investment for DRR, though it is indispensable for sustainable development. The session intended to provide insight for panelists and participants from developing countries to apply the outcomes of this session in their countries.

Contents of the discussions

photoOpening remarks by Mr. Yamauchi, the director general of global environment group, JICA

Contents:
(1) JICA session "Investing in Disaster Risk Reduction for Sustainable Development"
After the opening remark by Mr. Yamauchi, the Director General of Global Environment Department, Mr. Takeya, Distinguished Technical Advisor to the President, explained the importance of pre-investment for DRR in order to decrease the damage from disasters. Presenters from National Planning and Financial Ministry, Central Disaster Management Organizations, Public Works implementing agency and a municipal mayor in Japan supported by and collaborated with JICA also discussed regarding the current issues.

Outcome:
・The session confirmed the importance of continuous efforts toward pre-investment for DRR. Various organizations such as DRR-in-charge ministries, ministries in charge of planning and finance, public works and municipalities shared their experiences and issues.
・Approximately 230 people from Japan and abroad attended the session. JICA was able to share its policies as well as achievements of assisting the countries in line with the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction.
・JICA hopes to enhance formulation of future projects and cooperation programs by emphasizing importance of pre-investment for DRR in these opportunities of international conferences.

(2) Closing Session
Mr. Takeya gave a presentation on the following topics:
a. Logical structure of the UN document, Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction which Japan had played an active role in preparation.
b. The concept Build Back Better (BBB) in reconstruction
c. Case of post-Yolanda BBB assistance to Philippines
d. Importance of keeping the target year 2020 for national and local disaster risk reduction strategies, and importance of pre-investment for DRR
e. Progress and JICA contribution to the Sendai Cooperation Initiative for Disaster Risk Reduction to provide DRR cooperation totaling to 4 billion US dollars and training of 40 thousand from 2015 to 2018: 31 billion US dollars and training of 39 thousand within 2 years. The Initiative was announced by the Japanese government at the 3rd UN world conference on DRR.

Outcome:
・Through the presentation, JICA reminded the audience the logical structure of SFDRR, the importance of pre-investment for DRR, and urgent actions to be taken by year 2020. JICA was also able to disseminate its assistance policy on DRR and its contributions to the Sendai Framework.

(3) JICA sponsored public session: "Consensus-building for Reconstructing Disaster Resilient Society with Diversity and Gender Perspectives in Japan and the World"
・Mr. Adachi, Director General of Infrastructure and Peacebuilding Department, gave an opening remark and introduced measures on disaster risk reduction from the viewpoint of gender.
・Ms. Osawa, Director of Institute of Social Science, the University of Tokyo, who is a member of the JICA Gender Committee, delivered a keynote speech. She explained the importance of gender and diverse perspectives in disaster reconstruction, based on the importance of social capital in disaster resilience and the lack of gender perspective in policy decision.
・Ms. Tanaka, Senior Gender Adviser, moderated a panel discussion on consensus building process to enhance disaster resilience through diverse actors and women's participation.

Outcome:
・JICA was able to share its efforts which aligns with the phrase in the Sendai Framework: "A gender, age, disability and cultural perspective should be integrated in all policies and practices, and women and youth leadership should be promoted." JICA also could learn perspectives and issues of other stakeholders.

photoDuring the panel discussion

photoMr. Takeya, Distinguished Technical Advisor to the President, JICA gives summary presentation on closing session

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