Helping build India's city metro systems
Throughout history India has enjoyed one of the most important places in human development.
Today, it is emerging once more as not only the world's largest democracy but an increasingly important economic powerhouse and emerging donor nation.
Japan and India established diplomatic relations in 1952. Six years later Tokyo began Official Development Assistance (ODA) to the country and in the last few years India has consistently been one of the largest development partners with JICA.
In an effort to modernize its teeming cities, JICA is cooperating with national and local authorities to build modern metro systems in Delhi, Bangalore, Chennai and Kolkata.
The agency is also cooperating in other infrastructure projects as well as programs in water and sanitation, forestry, agriculture, health and education as well as training courses, partnerships and the dispatch of young volunteers (JOCV) to India.
India and Japan have consistently enjoyed one of the longest and largest of global development partnerships. Today JICA is providing multi-million dollar loans to help build rapid transit systems in four Indian cities as well as assistance for other infrastructure projects, forestry, agriculture, health and education, training courses, partnerships and the dispatch of young volunteers to India.
India desperately needs modern sewage and fresh water systems to provide for a population which will soon be the largest in the world. JICA is involved in a series of projects to provide better services to millions of mainly poor people.
India has four million kilometers of highway but only 200 kilometers of multi-lane expressways. Japanese expert Kiyoshi Dachiku is helping the country to expand its autoroute system in what he describes as one of his most difficult assignments in a lifelong global career.
India recently suffered probably the world’s worst ever power failure. The incident highlighted not only the enormous problems facing the country’s power industry, but paradoxically its vast potential if it can successfully overcome major infrastructure challenges.
When Dutch engineers built a 305 kilometer long canal in southeast India in 1870 it was an engineering marvel. Eventually, the canal fell into major disrepair. JICA has helped to rehabilitate the system, helping some two million farmers and their families to significantly improve their lives.
India is the world’s largest silk consumer and the second largest producer after China. Since the early 1990s a series of long and short-term JICA experts have been helping to introduce a series of new hybrids to strengthen the country’s silk industry.
Forests cover almost one-quarter of India’s landmass but they are increasingly under pressure because of the impact of a burgeoning population and related developments. JICA has been cooperating with Indian experts since 1991 to help preserve the country’s tree cover.