February 27, 2012
Joint seminar among China Eximbank, KEXIM-EDCF, NEDA and JICA
The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA), the Neighbouring Countries Economic Development Cooperation Agency (NEDA) of Thailand, the Export-Import Bank of China (the China Eximbank), and the Economic Development Cooperation Fund of the Export-Import Bank of Korea (KEXIM-EDCF) held a 2nd joint seminar in Thailand on February 24th, 2012, to strengthen the partnership among east Asian donors.
In the past years, JICA has been strengthening partnership with respective institutions by holding workshops on bilateral basis. This joint seminar is an attempt to bring the four institutions together to share the experiences and discuss challenges, based on the good partnership and trust established between these institutions and JICA.
The first joint seminar among these East Asian donors was held in Bangkok in October 2010, to discuss their current operations and policies including environmental and social guidelines. This time, prior to the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (UNCSD), so-called "Rio+20"in June 2012, the East Asian donors exchanged views on Green Growth.
It has been 20 years since the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) was held in 1992 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and Rio+20 will be held to focus on sustainable development in view of social, economic and environmental sound integrity. The discussion on green economy, which is one of the main agenda at Rio+20, has started all over the world, and at this joint seminar, East Asian donors exchanged their views on green growth in terms of (i) significant improvement in energy efficiency through energy saving and renewable energy, (ii) measures against rapid urbanization by introducing a mass rapid transit system, and (iii) enhancing environmental sustainability through forest management and biodiversity conservation.
Mr. Masato Watanabe, Vice-President, JICA takes the chair at session 1.
The China Eximbank presented its successful geothermal project in Kenya as well as a wind power project in Ethiopia, and expressed that it intends to expand these successful projects in Asia and Africa with respect for the ownership of recipient countries. In addition, the China Eximbank made active inquiries on JICA's forest management and biodiversity conservation projects in India, such as on financial return for the social and environmental sector concessional loan projects.
KEXIM-EDCF introduced its target of allocating 30% of the financial resources for green sector projects such as water supply, waste management and renewable energy, to mainstream green growth policy led by the Government of Korea. Furthermore, KEXIM-EDCF also shared their experience and knowledge from railway projects in Manila (Philippines), Intelligent Transport System in Ulaanbaatar (Mongolia), Santo Domingo (Dominican Republic) and Ho Chi Minh (Viet Nam), as well as the water supply and waste management in Viet Nam to address rapid urbanization.
NEDA took the initiative to host this 2nd joint seminar, and also made an overall presentation on the concept of green growth by presenting the mass rapid transit system and solar power projects in Thailand as an example. JICA also shared its experience in forest management and biodiversity conservation by inviting the executing agency from Orissa Forestry Sector Development Project in India. The knowledge sharing on these different experiences enriched the discussion on green growth throughout the joint seminar.
In the Asia region, in addition to China, Korea and Thailand, countries such as India and Singapore are increasingly involved in providing development assistance to other developing countries. JICA intends to proactively establish and deepen the partnership with economic development agencies of these countries by sharing its knowledge and experience at the Rio+20 and the 3rd Asian Development Forum in Bangkok this year.