July 1, 2015
On June 22, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) signed a grant agreement (G/A) with the Independent State of Samoa to provide grant aid of up to 3.477 billion yen for the Project for Enhancement of Safety of Apia Port.
This project will improve the harbor facilities, primarily extending the wharf and repairing the container yard, and restore tugboats at Apia Port, the only commercial port in Samoa, thereby ensuring safe, efficient harbor operations, and in turn contributing to sustainable economic growth.
With a population of approximately 180,000 people and 2,830 square kilometers of land, Samoa is an island nation located near the center of the South Pacific, and due to the geographic conditions, residents depend heavily on marine transportation for their daily lives and economic activities. Handling approximately 500,000 tons of cargo per year, Apia Port is the only international harbor in Samoa and is vital for handling most international trade.
To address the deterioration of the Apia Port wharf, the Project for the Second Development of Apia Port built a 165-meter extension and a new wharf extending 11 meters underwater with grant aid from Japan in 2001. Since then, however, issues have arisen that put the safety of ships at risk such as when coming into and leaving port, docking and undocking, and while moored. Reasons for these problems include deterioration of the old wharf in the approximately 50 years since it was constructed, significant deterioration of two tugboats (built in 1989 and 2001) that assist ships in docking and undocking, and the recent increase in ship sizes, resulting in large cruise ships on the order of 290 meters long that greatly exceed the length of the new and old wharfs. In addition, the small area behind the wharf is used for both cargo and passengers, putting the safety of the passengers at risk.
This project will improve the Apia Port facilities where safety cannot be ensured due to deterioration and mixed space use by passengers and cargo, and improve the safety in ship arrival and departure, port stevedoring operations and passenger movement.