October 2, 2015
On September 24 and October 1, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) signed two grant agreements (G/As) with the Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar to provide grant aid of up to a total of 3.982 billion yen. The projects under these grant aid agreements are described below.
Large-scale flooding caused by torrential rains that have continued since mid-July of this year has caused much human loss and physical damage in the target project regions of the signed G/As. It is expected that these projects will help reconstruct the disaster areas and promote stable access to safe water.
(1) Provision of Equipment for Rural Water Supply Project in the Central Dry Zone Phase II
(G/A signed September 24, total amount of aid: 1.242 billion yen)
Approximately 30 percent (2014) of the population of Myanmar lives in the central dry zone, an area in the center of the country comprising Magway, Mandalay, and Sagaing Regions. Averaging a mere 400 to 880 millimeters of rainfall per year, the central dry zone receives a disproportionate amount of precipitation in the rainy season from May to October and is the hottest and most arid area of the country. There is a dependence on ponds and groundwater to obtain water for daily use, but in the dry season, ponds and shallow wells can often not be used due to depletion or poor water quality. Residents are therefore confronted with the difficulty in securing safe water, facing difficulties that may entail traveling several kilometers from their village to the nearest water source to draw water.
This project will provide the equipment necessary to bore wells, including a truck-mounted excavator (capable of drilling up to 200 and 250 meters deep) with accessories, air compressors, trucks equipped with cranes, internal loggers, submersible pumps, casing screens, and water pumping test devices. It is expected that the equipment to build the deep wells for new water source development in the dry central zone will lead to safe, stable water resources in the target region.
(2) The Project for Improvement of Road Construction and Maintenance Equipment in Kachin State and Chin State
(G/A signed October 1, total amount of aid: 2.74 billion yen)
Of approximately 159,000 kilometers of roadways in Myanmar, only about 23 percent, or 37,000 kilometers, is paved with asphalt or concrete. In its 30-Year Road Development Plan formulated for 2001 to 2030, the Government of Myanmar has taken these circumstances into account to further road improvements throughout the country, including road pavement targets.
In Kachin State (area: 89,000 square kilometers, population: 1.29 million) and Chin State (area: 36,000 square kilometers, population: 480,000), the poorest and least developed areas in the country, torrential rains frequently cause bridge washouts and land-related disasters such as collapsed roads and landslides, and as a result, the road infrastructure lags behind other states and regions in the country. As the trunk roads connecting the state capitals with regional cities have deteriorated, building road infrastructure is a priority for ensuring local residents can access public services and for supporting economic activities with a secure logistics network.
This project will procure new road construction equipment to build and expand 141 kilometers of roads in Kachin State and 109 kilometers of roads in Chin State where development lags. These improvements are expected to further the road infrastructure and stimulate economic activities in the two states. Technical lessons will be provided at one of the Ministry of Construction’s central training centers in a transfer of technology to provide the knowledge required for road construction and maintenance. This will improve the technical capacity for road improvements and improve the quality of the infrastructure.