December 24, 2015
On December 22, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) signed a grant agreement (G/A) with the Government of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar to provide grant aid of up to 1.5 billion yen for assistance for the Programme for Rehabilitation and Reconstruction of Schools in Flood and Landslide Affected Areas.
This project will provide financial support to a program operated by the Myanmar Ministry of Education to reconstruct and rehabilitate schools damaged by recent flooding and landslides, thereby rebuilding and improving the learning environment for children in the disaster area.
In Myanmar, the basic education system comprises three school levels: primary, lower secondary and upper secondary, for a total of 11 years. Through major policies in the basic education field, namely, the 30-Year Long-Term Education Development Plan (2001–2030) and the Education for All National Plan of Action (2003–2015), the Government of Myanmar has prioritized the enrollment ratio and quality of education as areas in education targeted for improvement. Since 2011, Myanmar has been expanding its system of free basic education and improving the learning environment to raise the level of education to international standards.
While these developments were in progress, flooding occurred in July 2015, causing damage in 12 of the country’s 14 states and regions: Chin, Kachin, Kayin, Mon, Rakhine, and Shan States, and Ayeyarwady, Bago, Magway, Mandalay, Yangon, and Sagaing Regions. Out of 4,116 educational facilities damaged, 608 were demolished which alone affected more than 170,000 school children, making the restoration and improvement of schools and the learning environment a priority.
Operating under the concept of “Build Back Better,” this project will provide assistance to the Government of Myanmar to improve the learning environment with school facilities that are more resilient against disaster, and support the speedy reconstruction of damaged schools.