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  • Signing of Grant Agreement with Ghana: Providing road infrastructure to back economic growth and health sector financial support to expand health services

Press Releases

April 3, 2017

Signing of Grant Agreement with Ghana: Providing road infrastructure to back economic growth and health sector financial support to expand health services

photosigning ceremony

On March 31, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) signed grant agreements with the Government of the Republic of Ghana in Accra, the capital city, to provide grant aid of up to a total of 6,459 million yen for two program.

This cooperation will provide road infrastructure to support efforts of Ghana to enhance transportation capacity with the objective of an efficient flow of goods between international corridors, and to provide financial assistance to expand primary health care services.

The two programs under the grant agreements that were signed are described below.
(1) The Programme for Improvement of Ghanaian International Corridors (6,259 million yen)
(2) The Programme for Poverty Reduction Strategy (Health Sector) (200 million yen)

Details for the program are provided below.

(1) The Programme for Improvement of Ghanaian International Corridors (grant amount: 6,259 million yen)
(a) Objective and Summary
The project will build an underpass at the Tema Motorway Roundabout in the core city of the Accra economic zone, and will also conduct detailed design improvements for rehabilitation of National Trunk Road N8 in the Central Region. These measures will ensure safe, efficient road transportation and contribute to the efficient flow of goods between international corridors (the Lagos-Abidjan Highway and the Eastern Corridor of Ghana).

(b) Background and Necessity
The Accra economic zone encompasses the capital city of Accra and the Port of Tema, the biggest commercial port in Ghana. The Tema Motorway Roundabout, which is one of the project targets, is currently a roundabout where traffic from Accra and the port in the economic zone cross. The junction is a key point on two international corridors: the Lagos-Abidjan Corridor, which connects coastal cities in West Africa, and the Eastern Corridor, which connects Ghana and Burkina Faso. Due to this confluence, the volume of traffic is always heavy, particularly during the morning and evening commute hours, hindering the efficient transportation of people and goods.

National Trunk Road N8, which is the other project target, is a 170-kilometer trunk road connecting Kumasi, the second largest city in Ghana, and Yamoransa along the coast, and could function as a supplement to the Central Corridor, which connects Accra and Ouagadougou, the capital city of Burkina Faso. The highway underwent repairs in 1993 under the Road Rehabilitation Project, a Japanese ODA loan project, followed by rehabilitation for a 60-kilometer northern interval in the Project for Rehabilitation of National Trunk Road N8 with Japanese grant aid, but has significant pavement damage in areas such as the 31-kilometer interval between Assin Praso and Assin Fosu in the south, hindering the safe, efficient passage of traffic, and therefore repairs and widening to the road are priorities.

[Basic project information]
Country Republic of Ghana
Project title The Programme for Improvement of Ghanaian International Corridors
Planned implementation period 36 months, including detailed design work and the bidding period
Executing agency Ghana Highway Authority
Target region, facilities Tema, Greater Accra Region; Central Region
Specific project details (provisional)  Tema Junction overpass
(1) Facility improvements, equipment procurement
 East-west interval improvements (length: approximately 2,100 meters), north-south interval improvements (length: approximately 1,900 meters)
 Incidental facilities: Service roads, signal-controlled at-grade intersection, lighting, drainage facilities, others
(2) Consulting services
 Detailed design work, construction supervision

 National Road No. 8
(1) Facility improvements, equipment procurement
N/A
(2) Consulting services
 Detailed design work for repairs to the Assin Fosu-Assin Praso interval of National Trunk Road N8 and replacement of the culvert bridge at Assin Endwa

(2) The Programme for Poverty Reduction Strategy (Health Sector) (grant amount: 200 million yen)
(a) Objective and Summary
The program will provide financial assistance to promote community-based health planning and services (CHPS), which is a major policy of the Government of Ghana. This will promote equitable health care access, a government policy objective, thereby improving the quality of and access to primary health care services.

(b) Background and Necessity
Due to demographic and socioeconomic changes in Ghana, the country is undergoing a transition in disease patterns. For example, there are increasing numbers of lifestyle-related illnesses, diseases related to traffic accidents and infectious diseases. This has caused an increase in the expenditures needed for the health sector. However, the national budgetary allocation for the health sector is 11 percent (2014), which falls below the Abuja target of 15 percent advocated by the African Union. Moreover, the country’s public finances are strained due to a drop in donor support, declining macroeconomic conditions and other factors, and access to medical facilities and medical supplies cannot be guaranteed, which has resulted in an inadequate supply of health services. The three northern regions in particular have a high poverty rate, and not only are the primary health care services available there limited but there are problems with their quality. The Government of Ghana is advancing CHPS policies with the aim of providing primary health care services such as home visits, medical examinations for pregnant and parturient women, the promotion of family planning and early diagnoses for residents with community public health nurses working out of health centers. Because the expenditures for the health sector has been rising as described above, the budget is strained and there is difficulty in disseminating and promoting these policies.

[Basic project information]
Country Republic of Ghana
Project title The Programme for Poverty Reduction Strategy (Health Sector)
Planned implementation period April to December 2017
Executing agency Ministry of Health
Target region, facilities Throughout Ghana
Specific project details (provisional) Financial assistance to improve access to primary health care services and the quality of those services

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