May 23, 2017
On May 22, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) signed a grant agreement with the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS) in Amman, the capital city of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, to provide grant aid of up to 2.412 billion yen for the Programme for Urgent Improvement of Water Sector for the Host Communities of Syrian Refugees in Northern Governorates (Phase 2).
The programme will renovate the water distribution pipe network, install new distribution pipes, reduce the amount of water leakage, and adjust the water supply pressure in Huwwarah District, Irbid Governorate, in the northern part of Jordan where there is a large influx of Syrian refugees. These measures will expand and improve the water services while making effective use of Jordan’s scarce water resources.
Jordan is said to be one of the countries with the fewest water resources in the world. The Internal Renewable Water Resources per capita  is as low as 129 cubic meters (2014) in Jordan, far less than the world average of 7,700 cubic meters, and does not reach even 30 percent of the “absolute water scarcity” (500 cubic meters per year) defined by the United Nations. Since the Syrian crisis broke out in 2011, a mass migration has taken place, and approximately 1.27 million Syrians now reside in Jordan, whose total population is around 9.5 million . Many of those Syrian refugees live, not in refugee camps, but in local communities in Jordan. The refugee influx has worsened the water supply service in those areas, especially in Irbid Governorate, located at the Syrian border and hosts approximately 340,000 refugees.
Given these circumstances, since December 2013, JICA has conducted the Project for Formulating Water Supply Plan for the Host Communities of Syrian Refugees, technical cooperation for development planning, and has formulated a water supply master plan for 2035 aimed at improving the water supply situation in four northern governorates of Jordan, including Irbid.
Based on the master plan, the Government of Jordan has prioritized the programme as especially urgent. The programme will renovate the old water distribution pipes that were laid in 1970s in order to reduce water leakage, and will install new water distribution pipes to improve water services by expanding the water service area.
JICA will continue to contribute to the stability of Jordan and the region at large through supporting the country, which is accepting many Syrian refugees.
1: The amount of water available to each person for one year.
2: Statistics as of February 2016 according to the Jordan Response Plan 2017–2019, which was formulated by the Government of Jordan to address the effects of the Syrian crisis on Jordan.
|Country||Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan|
|Project title||the Programme for Urgent Improvement of Water Sector for the Host Communities of Syrian Refugees in Northern Governorates (Phase 2)|
|Planned implementation period||36 months, including detailed design work and the bidding period|
|Executing agency||United Nations Office for Project Services|
|Target region, facilities||Huwwarah District, Irbid Governorate in northern Jordan
|Specific project details (provisional)||(1) Facility construction
Installation of water distribution pipes, water meters, water pressure reducing valves and other equipment in areas accepting Syrian refugees
(2) Consulting services
Detailed design work, bidding assistance, construction supervision