June 26, 2017
On June 16, 2017, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) signed a Record of Discussions with the Government of the Republic of Fiji in Suva for the the Project for Introduction of Hybrid Power Generation System in Pacific Islands Countries, a technical cooperation project.
Under the project, a JICA expert team will work out of a base in Fiji to extend island-oriented hybrid power generation system technology* to five countries, including Kiribati, the Marshall Islands, Micronesia and Tuvalu, which will contribute to reducing the amounts of fossil fuels used and greenhouse gases emitted in Pacific Island countries.
JICA has provided technical cooperation and grant aid in this field to these countries in the past, but this is the first time for wide-spread technical cooperation in Pacific Island countries in this field.
The majority of Pacific Island countries use imported fuel (diesel) for generating power, which hinders economic growth as the price of electricity is therefore higher than in advanced countries overall. Although such Pacific Island countries have policies to proactively introduce renewable energy from the perspectives of reducing fuel expenses and carbon dioxide, because of the fluctuation in power output due to the weather, excessive dependence on renewable energy runs the risk of an unstable poweroutput.
Addressing this issue, the Government of Japan announced the “Hybrid Island Initiative” as one of its new support policies for the Pacific Island countries at the 7th Pacific Islands Leaders Meeting (PALM7) in May 2015, and stated that support would be provided for higher efficiency in diesel power plants to reduce fuel consumption and toward the integrated utilization of renewable energy.
In response to this policy of the Government of Japan, JICA has developed wide-scale cooperation for extending to Pacific Island countries island-oriented hybrid power generation system technology that has been specially cultivated by Japan on an isolated island.
As the main office of the Pacific Power Association is located in Fiji, and the Pacific Power Association is in a position to lead power projects in the region, JICA will support strengthening of the local training system for extending hybrid power generation systems to the area.
In addition to this project, JICA is dispatching about 30 Japanese experts to seven Pacific Island countries over the next five years and inviting around 70 power engineers to Japan through grant aid, training and other forms of assistance, thereby widely spreading the island-oriented hybrid power generation system expertise of Japan to Pacific Island countries.
|Country||Republic of Fiji (the Federated States of Micronesia, the Republic of Kiribati, the Republic of the Marshall Islands and Tuvalu are also target countries)|
|Project title||The Project for Introduction of Hybrid Power Generation System in Pacific Islands Countries|
|Planned implementation period||June 2017 to June 2022|
|Executing agency||Department of Energy, Ministry of Infrastructure & Transport; Fiji Electricity Authority; Pacific Power Association|
|Target region, facilities||Viti Levu (the main island of Fiji)|
|Specific project details (provisional)||Formulation of plans toward expanding the introduction of suitable renewable energy, and strengthening the regional training system for improving the efficiency of diesel power generators and renewable energy power generation facilities|
* Island-oriented hybrid power generation system technology
A mode of power generation combining at least two power generation types, such as diesel, solar, hydro and wind, and taking their respective advantages into account. In Japan, isolated islands of Okinawa and Kyushu are proactively introducing hybrid power generation systems using diesel power generators and renewable energy.