June 30, 2017
On June 30, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) signed a grant agreement with the Government of the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka in Colombo to provide grant aid of up to 2.503 billion yen for the Project for the Establishment of a Doppler Weather Radar Network.
The project will establish meteorological radar tower buildings, a meteorological radar central processing system and display systems throughout Sri Lanka to build capacity for real-time rainfall observations with the aim of thereby mitigating damage caused by meteorological events.
Floods, landslides and other natural disasters occur frequently in Sri Lanka, and each carries the potential to cause widespread damage to lives and property, affecting mainly the poor who are particularly vulnerable to disasters. More than 90 percent of natural disasters in Sri Lanka originate with meteorological phenomena, but it is not possible to ascertain rainfall conditions and provide information in real time at a satisfactory level due to inadequate ground rainfall observation systems and a lack of the requisite weather observation network, making it difficult to issue advance warnings and evacuation advisories.
At the end of May 2017, torrential rains resulted in flooding and landslides in the Southern and Western Provinces, affecting some 700,000 people, including approximately 200 deaths and 100 missing people, and causing extensive damage. In response, JICA dispatched a Japan disaster relief (JDR) team and conducted field studies of areas affected by flooding and landslides. Building on those studies and cooperation with agencies in Sri Lanka, JICA has confirmed again with the Government of Sri Lanka that the country’s highest priorities include collecting and analyzing meteorological information more quickly and at a higher level of precision, and providing and extending related cooperation toward strengthening disaster risk reduction in the country.
The project will make it possible to monitor meteorological phenomena such as rainfall, wind speed and wind direction throughout Sri Lanka and the surrounding sea in real time and at a very detailed level, and also to provide collected and analyzed meteorological information promptly. This is expected to strengthen the capacity to predict natural disasters and implement disaster risk reduction measures, including issuing advance warnings and evacuation advisories, mitigating the resulting damage.
In addition to this project, JICA is providing assistance to develop policies and a system for disaster risk reduction, and to create a master plan to develop human resources and take measures against floods. JICA will continue to provide comprehensive support for measures toward building disaster resilience in Sri Lanka.
|Country||Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka|
|Project title||Project for the Establishment of a Doppler Weather Radar Network|
|Planned implementation period||50 months, including detailed design work and the bidding|
|Executing agency||Department of Meteorology|
|Target region, facilities||Puttalam Radar Observation Station, Pottuvil Radar Observation Center, National Meteorological Centre at Department of Meteorology Head Office, Aviation Meteorological Office in Colombo International Airport, Aviation Meteorological Office in Mattala Rajapaksa International Airport|
|Specific project details (provisional)||(1) Facility improvements, equipment procurement
Construction of radar tower buildings (two); provision of C-band pulse compression solid-state dual polarization meteorological doppler radar systems (two), a meteorological radar central processing system (one), meteorological radar data display systems (five), meteorological data satellite communication systems (three)
(2) Consulting services
Detailed design work, bidding assistance, procurement/construction supervision
Guidance in managing the facilities: technical guidance relating to the maintenance and operation of meteorological radar equipment and the creation of observation schedules