July 25, 2017
On July 24, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) signed a grant agreement with the Government of the Republic of Madagascar in Antananarivo to provide grant aid of up to 3.048 billion yen for the Project for Rehabilitation of Irrigation System in South-West of Alaotra Lake.
The project will rehabilitate the irrigation facilities in the irrigation district southwest of Alaotra Lake located in central Madagascar and in the river basin above the lake, thereby ensuring a stable supply of irrigation water to the target region, and in turn contributing to an expansion in rice production.
The agricultural sector is a key industry in Madagascar, employing 63 percent (2015) of the total working population and accounting for 26 percent (2015) of the gross domestic product. Rice, in particular, is a national staple, and more than 70 percent of farmers are engaged in rice production. However, the land in the irrigation district southwest of Alaotra Lake, which is a major rice-producing region for the country, has been devastated by the practices of burning fields and deforestation in the upper basin area, releasing a large amount of dirt and sand downstream and resulting in an accumulation of sediment in the rivers and irrigation conduits that hinders the supply of irrigation water. In addition, there are issues with the facilities, such as inadequacies in the water discharge equipment structure, leading to flood damage and other problems.
It is expected that the project will enable a stable supply of irrigation water, expanding the irrigation area with a reduction in flood damage, and contributing to an increase in rice production.
In addition to this project, JICA is carrying out the Project of Integrated Approach Development in order to Promote Environment Restoration and Rural Development in Morarano Chrome, technical cooperation to support capacity-building related to basin management around the irrigation facilities that includes reforestation and measures to prevent soil erosion for conservation, and the Project for Rice Productivity Improvement and Management of Watershed and Irrigated Area (PAPRIZ Phase 2), technical cooperation to support the development and extension of improved rice cultivation technology and the strengthening of the Federation of Water Users’ Associations, and JICA will continue to provide inclusive support for rice agriculture in Madagascar.
|Country||Republic of Madagascar|
|Project title||The Project for Rehabilitation of Irrigation System in South-West of Alaotra Lake|
|Planned implementation period||43 months, including the bidding period|
|Executing agency||Ministry to the Presidency in charge of Agriculture and Livestock|
|Target region, facilities||Irrigation district PC23 southwest of Alaotra Lake and the upper basin|
|Specific project details (provisional)||(1) Facility improvements, equipment procurement
Rehabilitation: flood release facilities—one location, headworks—five locations, irrigation conduits (two main line systems, eight secondary systems, water branch equipment, water level regulation equipment, other), agricultural roads (three main roads, four support roads, two management roads)
(2) Consulting services
Bidding assistance, construction supervision
As guidance in managing the facilities, creation of a management and maintenance manual for the irrigation facilities in the target region, management and maintenance training