August 15, 2017
On August 14, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) signed a grant agreement with the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan in Amman to provide grant aid of up to 1.391 billion yen for the Project for Rehabilitation and Expansion of the Water Networks in Balqa Governorate (Phase 2).
The project will upgrade and expand the water networks in ‘Aīn al-Bāshā District, Balqa Governorate, to correct the water pressure, extend the water supply hours, improve the water quality, reduce water losses, make energy consumption more efficient and otherwise improve water services.
In Jordan, where 75 percent of the country is classified as having a desert climate and receives fewer than 200 millimeters of rain per year, the water availability per capita is among the lowest of any country in the world, and using the limited water resources in an effective and fair manner is a challenge for the country. Therefore, not only do the deteriorating water facilities need repair, but additional improvements are also needed due to the great burden on the water supply facilities accompanying the population increase from the influx of Syrian refugees (approximately 660,000 people as of July 2017 according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees).
Despite more than 100,000 Palestinian refugees living in the target region of the project and a rapid population increase due to an influx of Syrian refugees, the basic water networks have not been repaired or expanded for the past 25 years and are deteriorating. As a result, the region faces such issues as a high non-revenue water rate* exceeding the national average (approximately 50 percent compared to 39.5 percent for the country overall), excessive power consumption due to inefficient water distribution, and poor water quality caused by wear and corrosion to the water pipes.
The project will improve the water networks in Balqa Governorate in conjunction with the Project for Rehabilitation and Expansion of the Water Networks in Balqa Governorate.
It is expected that these projects will mitigate the worsening water shortage in Jordan which has been impacted by an influx of refugees, and improve the sustainability and autonomy of the water service administration of the Water Authority of Jordan.
* Calculated as the percentage of water supply for which fees are uncollected due to leakage from pipes and unauthorized use.
|Country||Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan|
|Project title||The Project for Rehabilitation and Expansion of the Water Networks in Balqa Governorate (Phase 2)|
|Planned implementation period||36 months, including detailed design work and the bidding period|
|Executing agency||Water Authority of Jordan|
|Target region, facilities||‘Aīn al-Bāshā District, Balqa Governorate (number of people projected to benefit in 2020: approximately 123,000)|
|Specific project details (provisional)||(1) Facility construction
‘Aīn al-Bāshā District: Water distribution pipes (total of 20,080 meters), two reservoirs (2,000 cubic meters in total)
(2) Consulting services
Detailed design work, bidding assistance, construction supervision