October 10, 2017
On October 6, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) signed a Record of Discussions with the Government of the Kingdom of Morocco in Rabat, the capital city, for the Project for Elaboration of the National Strategy for Treatment of Household and Similar Waste for the Kingdom of Morocco, as technical cooperation for development planning.
The project will elaborate a national strategy for the treatment of household and similar waste in Morocco toward promoting the execution of the current National Program of Management of Household Waste (PNDM) and proposing a direction for the next PNDM phase (2023–2038), with the aim of improving waste management in Morocco.
Accompanying economic development, Morocco has seen a rise in the total amount of waste from approximately 4.7 million tons in 2008 to approximately 6.9 million tons in 2015. However, much of that waste is not properly managed and treated, adversely affecting the lives of residents and the natural environment. The waste management system urgently needs to be strengthened.
The Government of Morocco formulated the PNDM in 2008 to properly treat waste with the goals of a 20 percent rate in recycling and a 90 percent rate in household waste collection, but specific measures to achieve those goals have lagged behind. The project will elaborate specific strategies that take the characteristics of each region of the country into consideration to tailor treatment methods and facilities for each region. Furthermore, it is expected that the project will reset the goals in the next PNDM to realistic ones and provide a significant level of support to establish, monitor and implement the Sustainable Development Goals pertaining to waste in Morocco.
In advance of this project, JICA carried out the Project for Capacity Development for Solid Waste Management in Tiznit Municipality and Neighboring Communes from 2013 to 2016 with the objective of building a regional waste management system for multiple communes. The National Strategy project will utilize the experience and outcomes from regional waste management that was implemented, such as forming agreements with local communities for final disposal sites in Tiznit. Also, Morocco is a member of the African Clean Cities Platform, which was founded in April 2017 and has 28 member countries , and the project will significantly contribute to sharing knowledge about waste management in Africa through that Platform.
1 : In French, Programme National des Déchets Ménagers.
2: Botswana, Burkina Faso, Cameroon, Comoros, Côte d'Ivoire, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Djibouti, Egypt, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Kenya, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Niger, Nigeria, Republic of the Congo, Senegal, South Sudan, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe (as of October 5, 2017)
|Country||Kingdom of Morocco|
|Project title||The Project for Elaboration of the National Strategy for Treatment of Household and Similar Waste for the Kingdom of Morocco|
|Planned implementation period||December 2017 to November 2019|
|Executing agency||Directorate of Water and Sanitation, Ministry of the Interior and Secretariat of State for Sustainable Development|
|Target region, facilities||Throughout Morocco|
|Specific project details (provisional)||Identification of the current situation and challenges of waste management, examination and analysis of the current status of implementation of provincial/prefectural master plans, review of the current waste treatment methods, elaboration of a national strategy on the treatment of household and similar waste|