March 12, 2018
On March 9, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) signed a Record of Discussions with the Government of the Republic of Indonesia in Jakarta for the Project on Formulation of Irrigation Development and Management Strategy for Food Security, technical cooperation for development planning.
The project will support the formulation of a long-term strategy for irrigation development and management toward enhanced food security, an aim of the Government of Indonesia.
The production volume of rice as a staple food is increasing in Indonesia, which has resulted in a food self-sufficiency ratio of approximately 90 percent in the recent past. In the National Medium-Term Development Plan, Indonesia has established the target of enhancing “food sovereignty” without dependence on rice and other food imports. Meanwhile, rice has been continuously imported with the objectives of rice price stabilization and building reserves. In 2015, a serious drought made emergency imports of rice necessary, and such vulnerabilities must be improved in order to provide a stable supply of food to the rising population.
Irrigation facilities are essential for the stable production of rice, but the irrigation facilities in Indonesia have been deteriorating and cannot accommodate the changes in rainfall patterns and rainfall volume of recent years due to reduced capacity. Therefore, targets for providing new irrigation facilities and rehabilitating existing ones were established in the National Medium-Term Development Plan. However, there is no irrigation development and management strategy to achieve those targets, and there is a need to formulate such a strategy from the long-term perspective.
JICA has provided a great deal of cooperation in the irrigation field in Indonesia including support for formulating an irrigation development master plan in 1993. While utilizing expertise and experience acquired through cooperation thus far, the project will support the formulation of a long-term strategy for irrigation development and management, which are essential for achieving rice self-sufficiency. These efforts are expected to contribute to strengthening food security in Indonesia.
|Country||Republic of Indonesia|
|Project title||The Project on Formulation of Irrigation Development and Management Strategy for Food Security|
|Planned implementation period||June 2018 to May 2020|
|Executing agency||Directorate of Irrigation and Lowland of the Directorate General of Water Resources, Ministry of Public Works and Housing|
|Target region, facilities||Throughout Indonesia|
|Specific project details (provisional)||To formulate a long-term strategy for irrigation facility development and management, including a proposal for the development of new irrigation facilities and the rehabilitation and modernization of existing ones|