July 2, 2018
On June 28, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) signed a memorandum of cooperation (MOC) with the C40 Cities Climate Leadership Group (C40) to promote and carry out cooperative activities related to climate change in megacities in Southeast Asia.
C40 is a global network that facilitates dialogue among member cities across 96 cities in more than 50 countries, supporting innovative and impactful climate actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and minimize climate risks in cities. The MOC promotes cooperative activities between JICA and C40, particularly in megacities in Southeast Asia, the heart of the region’s rapid population and economic growth. Just as C40 is pursuing various climate change projects in Southeast Asia, so is JICA working on climate change in the region through key projects, such as technical cooperation to develop and implement a Climate Change Master Plan (2013–2023) in Bangkok, and to survey greenhouse gas inventories and develop a measurement, reporting and verification system in Ho Chi Minh City. Both agencies are thereby supporting climate actions and institutional development at the municipal level, and with the MOC in place, JICA plans to cooperate with C40 in implementing these projects, and the MOC will also facilitate future climate capacity-building activities in the region.
Through the momentum created by the adoption of the Paris Agreement, there are increasing efforts to integrate climate change into policy in developing countries. Non-state actors play a significant role in working toward the goal of keeping the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2° C above pre-industrial levels. Cities currently contribute 70 percent of global greenhouse gas emissions; however, it should be noted that cities have a great potential for efficiency, innovation and energy savings. It is imperative to understand the contribution of cities to climate change and to take appropriate actions, as doing so will be a critical factor in achieving climate goals while enhancing sustainable development.