November 12, 2018
On November 9, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) signed a grant agreement (G/A) with the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in Bangkok to provide grant aid of up to 1.095 billion yen for the Project for Enhancing Rural Livelihoods through Improved Irrigation Facilities in Bamyan, Kabul and Kapisa Provinces.
The project will rehabilitate and expand the irrigation facilities and support the capacity development of government officials and farmers in Kabul Province, the country's largest cereal consumption area, and in neighboring Bamyan and Kapisa provinces.
The farming population accounts for approximately 70 percent of the total population of Afghanistan, and more than half of all the households are engaged in agriculture. A key economic industry, agriculture composes approximately 25 percent of the national gross domestic product and 50 percent of regular exports. Agriculture could potentially increase earnings, which would boost the domestic economy while lowering the unemployment rate. However, the disorder resulting from more than two decades of civil war has destroyed the basic agricultural infrastructure, including irrigation facilities, and currently only approximately one-third of the arable land is irrigated. Given these circumstances, rehabilitating the irrigation infrastructure and training engineers who can design, implement, maintain and operate irrigation facilities are priorities.
The project will convert approximately 7,000 hectares of land to irrigated farmland, and is expected to improve agricultural productivity and access to agricultural water for approximately 16,000 farming households in the target areas. The project is also expected to improve the comprehensive management capacity of water resources, including watershed management, at central government agencies.
JICA has been conducting technical cooperation to improve rice cultivation techniques and strengthen organization capacity at the Ministry of Agriculture, Irrigation and Livestock, and provides comprehensive assistance toward improving agricultural productivity in Afghanistan.
Project details are provided below.
|Country||Islamic Republic of Afghanistan|
|Project title||The Project for Enhancing Rural Livelihoods through Improved Irrigation Facilities in Bamyan, Kabul and Kapisa Provinces|
|Planned implementation period||Construction: 36 months, including detailed design work and the bidding period|
|Executing agency||Ministry of Energy and Water|
|Target region, facilities||Bamyan, Kabul and Kapisa provinces|
|Specific project details (provisional)||(1) Facility construction and equipment procurement
Construction and rehabilitation of irrigation facilities (main waterway: approximately 191 km)
Procurement of equipment for irrigation facility maintenance and management
(2) Consulting services
Support to include detailed design work, bidding assistance, construction supervision, capacity training for Ministry of Energy and Water officials in basin management, capacity training for local farmers in participatory water management and irrigation facility maintenance and management