December 4, 2018
On December 4, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) signed a grant agreement with the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) to provide grant aid of up to 1.009 billion yen for the Project for Infectious Diseases Prevention for Children.
The project will procure vaccines needed for routine immunization against various infectious diseases and for polio vaccination campaigns planned in Afghanistan in 2019, and also support awareness-raising efforts, contributing to the prevention of infectious diseases in Afghanistan.
Afghanistan has some of the highest neonatal, infant and maternal death rates of any country in the world. Diseases that can be prevented by vaccination have not been eradicated for various reasons, including unsafe conditions, poor access to health care facilities, a lack of information about vaccinations, and, for women, an inadequate number of facilities offering medical services. One of only three polio-endemic countries* in the world, Afghanistan aims to achieve the early eradication of polio, a disease which can be prevented with vaccination, through efforts that include a campaign focused on polio vaccination in conjunction with regular vaccination for other infectious diseases. The international community is supporting the procurement of vaccines, building the capacity of medical workers, and raising awareness in communities so that the routine immunization program of the Government of Afghanistan can be implemented efficiently.
The project should enable the vaccination of 1.28 million infants under the age of one against polio, tuberculosis and measles, 570,000 infants under the age of one against hepatitis B, and 2.5 million women of childbearing age against tetanus in Afghanistan, preventing infection and death due to preventable diseases. These efforts are expected to contribute to improved health among children and women of childbearing age throughout Afghanistan. In addition, the project will support polio vaccination campaigns in Afghanistan in vaccinating 10.3 million children under five against polio, advancing the Government of Afghanistan’s activities toward eradicating polio.
* As of December 4, 2018. The other two are Nigeria and Pakistan.
|Country||Islamic Republic of Afghanistan|
|Project title||The Project for Infectious Diseases Prevention for Children|
|Planned implementation period||12 months|
|Executing agency||Ministry of Public Health of Afghanistan, UNICEF|
|Target region, facilities||Throughout Afghanistan|
|Specific project details (provisional)||(1) Equipment procurement
Procurement of vaccines against polio, tuberculosis, measles, hepatitis B and tetanus
(2) Guidance in managing the facilities
Efforts for raising awareness about vaccination