December 19, 2018
On December 19, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) signed a project implementation agreement  for the REDD+  Integrated Program in Kwilu Province (approximately four million dollars), a Central African Forest Initiative (CAFI)  fund project, in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). This commissioned project will be implemented jointly with the Project for Operationalization of the National Forest Monitoring System and REDD+ Pilot, JICA technical cooperation, and is expected to greatly expand the scale of agroforestry in Kwilu Province.
The Congo Basin of Africa, which is the target region of the project, is the second largest rainforest area in the world, coming after the Amazon, and conservation of the basin’s rainforest is considered important from a perspective of fighting global climate change. The DRC has the largest forest in the Congo Basin, home to valuable wildlife such as the bonobo and the okapi. However, the forest is being lost due to commercial and illegal deforestation, mine development and other causes, resulting in the challenges of greenhouse gas emissions and a loss of biodiversity. Other issues the DRC face include a slow progress in developing socioeconomic infrastructure due to past conflicts and a high rate of poverty.
The commissioned project and the JICA technical cooperation project are expected to have a synergistic effect, and it is hoped that climate change will be mitigated through conservation of the valuable forests and biodiversity of the DRC and that the project will contribute to poverty alleviation through improved livelihoods for community residents with the implementation of agroforestry.
 The project implementation agreement was signed with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), which is an administrative agent of the Central African Forest Initiative.
 An international mechanism to reduce carbon dioxide emissions from deforestation and forest degradation.
 An integrated funding framework to support REDD+ implemented in the DRC and other countries of the Congo Basin with funding from Norway and other donor partner countries. The CAFI framework also fights global climate change while advancing socioeconomic development in target countries.