Sport is gradually changing from limited activities undertaken by specific people to society-forming tools that facilitate the gathering of people in diverse situations and for diverse reasons.
Creating conditions where people can enjoy "freedom from fear," "freedom from want" are the freedom to live in dignity ‒ triggered by the United Nations Development Program (UNDP) publication Human Development Report 1994, this principle of human security started to be utilized in various discussions in recent years. Human security has been positioned as an important challenge in Japan's foreign relations since the latter half of the 1990s.
The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has been engaged in overseas cooperation activities in sport at the grass roots level since the 1960s through the Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers (JOCV) program. Such overseas cooperation in sport has a significant presence.
To achieve ‘Human Security,' JICA focuses on individuals and makes it its mission to implement cooperation that is reliably delivered. JICA believes that sport contributes to protecting the vital core of all human lives in ways that enhance human freedoms and human fulfillment, which is one aspect of human security.