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Urban and Regional Development

JICA Activities

This document shows JICA's direction in Urban Development.

After World War II, Japan experienced urbanization at an unprecedented pace and faced a variety of urban problems. To solve these problems, Japan devoted a lot of effort to constructing infrastructure and developing housing while establishing the standards required for urban development. Japan also focused on the development of new technologies in order to reduce pollution and boost productivity.

In addition, Japan quickly began taking action for disaster management and recovery in order to reduce risks associated with earthquakes, typhoons and other natural disasters.

JICA utilizes these experience and technologies to support urban and regional development in developing countries with a focus on the following six aspects.

  1. Establishing basic infrastructure contributing to economic activities
  2. Establishing good-quality living space
  3. Establishing low-carbon cities
  4. Establishing disaster-resilient cities
  5. Establishing sound city management systems
  6. Achieving revitalization of cities

Inclusive and Dynamic Urban Development

JICA provides support for creating sustainable cities that can generate a positive cycle of economic growth and poverty reduction and also respond to global-scale issues such as global warming. With the vision of "Inclusive and Dynamic Urban Development," JICA provides support with participation from all types of stakeholders. JICA is dedicated to meeting the diverse needs associated with urban and regional development in developing countries. Meeting these needs requires assistance at different stages such as the preparation of development plans, implementation of development plans, and operation and maintenance of the completed facilities. To execute these processes in a self-reliant manner, the capacities of organizations and people in charge of the implementation of urban and regional development plans must be enhanced, the necessary legal systems must be improved, and other measures must be taken.

"The Corridor Approach," carried out as a method for regional development, is designed to promote regional economic development through consolidating a national axis that functions as a key to economic growth. With an aim to support broad-based project deployments focusing on strategic infrastructure development, industrial location, and efficient logistics, this method has been receiving attention as an unconventional and epoch-making effort for developing countries.

JICA approaches urban and regional development comprehensively through flexible combination of various types of assistance methods, such as Technical Cooperation, Grant Aid, and Loan Aid.


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