LIST OF CONTENTS
I. Purpose of the Guidelines
1. Nature of the Guidelines
"JBIC Environmental Guidelines for ODA Loans" (hereinafter referred to as "Guidelines") are applicable to ODA Loans provided by JAPAN BANK FOR INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION (hereinafter referred to as "JBIC") under Section(1), Paragraph 2, Article 23 of THE JAPAN BANK FOR INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION LAW.
The objective of environmental consideration in development assistance is to assist the self-help efforts of developing countries directed towards attaining sustainable development. Responsibility with regard to environmental consideration of a project rests ultimately with the recipient country. At the time of its appraisal of a project, on the basis of materials provided by the recipient country, JBIC confirms that the requisite countermeasures, etc., will be taken by the recipient country with regard to the environmental issues, in accordance with each of the items listed in II Check Items and Comments. The Guidelines give guiding principles related to environmental consideration by JBIC in its appraisal of a project. They also give the environmental matters to be considered and environmental measures to be prepared by the recipient country in the planning and preparation stages of a project.
2. Classification of projects
At the time of their appraisal by JBIC, projects are classified into the following 3 categories (See also Attachment):
Category A: Submission of Environment Impact Assessment Report (hereinafter "EIA Report") is required. The EIA Report must be accompanied by a summary in English or Japanese. The project is then appraised in the light of the Guidelines.
Category B: Although submission of an EIA Report is not required, the project is to be appraised in the light of the Guidelines.
Category C: Submission of an EIA Report is not required, and appraisal in the light of the Guidelines may be omitted.
3. EIA Report
- (1) In the case of Category A projects, the recipient country is required to submit the EIA Report to JBIC following completion of the requisite procedures in that country.
- (2) It is desirable that the contents of the EIA Report submitted in accordance with (1) above be made available to the public in the recipient country
4. Basic rules for environmental consideration
- (1) A project is to comply with regulations, etc., stipulated in the laws of the recipient country relating to the environment, environmental conventions to which the recipient country is a party, etc..
- (2) Environmental pollution
- i. In principle, a project is to comply with the regulatory standards, such as emission standards, of the recipient country. The recipient country is also to endeavour to attain any existing government target values for the protection of the environment, such as Environmental Quality Standards applying to the area around the project site.
- ii. If emission standards are not currently established in the recipient country, when necessary, JBIC encourages the recipient country to establish provisional emission target levels for the project, referring to the emission standards established by international organizations, Japan or other countries, taking cost-benefit considerations, etc., into consideration.
- (3) The natural environment
- i. In principle, a project is to be implemented outside designated nature conservation areas established in accordance with the national laws, etc., of the recipient country. In addition, a project is not to have a significant impact on such conservation areas.
- ii. Necessary action is to be taken to prevent significant project impact on the lives of endangered species and to ensure conservation of biodiversity.
- (4) Involuntary resettlement
- i. In the planning and implementation of a project, there is to be adequate consideration for people who will be called upon to relocate and resettle involuntarily and/or lose a major source of income because of the project (hereinafter "project-affected people").
- ii. There is to be careful examination of alternatives at the planning stage with a view to ensuring that the number of project-affected people is the smallest possible.
- iii. For a project which necessitates involuntary resettlement, plans are to be prepared beforehand in order to mitigate any negative impact. These plans are to be prepared by the recipient country's government following appropriate hearings of the opinions of project-affected people.
- iv. Plans to mitigate negative impacts of involuntary resettlement are to have as their objective the restoring of living, income, etc., for project-affected people after resettlement.
- (5) Measures to conserve the environment
- i. The cost of measures to conserve the environment (including the social environment, such as the cost of involuntary resettlement) are to be included in the project cost. In particular, for a project which requires measures involving pollution-control equipment and monitoring, financing to cover operation and maintenance is to be duly obtained.
- ii. It is desirable, in the interests of objectivity in the evaluation and monitoring of project-related environmental measures, that the executing agency of the recipient country utilizes a third party when necessary.
Entry into force
The Guidelines apply to all new projects. The Guidelines apply, with necessary modification, to ODA Investment Finance provided for in Section(2), Paragraph 2, Article 23 of THE JAPAN BANK FOR INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION LAW.
(Attachment)Criteria for Classification of Projects
Details of each of the 3 categories are given below. However, it should be borne in mind that the items are examples only and the list is not exhaustive.
- 1. Category A: projects corresponding to at least one of the following items
- (1) Large projects (both new and rehabilitation) of the following kinds:
- i. Road and railroad
- ii. Airports
- iii. Ports and harbours
- iv. Electric power generation
- v. Industry in general
- vi. Mining development
- vii. Forestry
- viii. Irrigation
- ix. Waste disposal
- x. Development necessitating submergence of large areas
- xi. River basin development
- xii. Development involving the manufacture or use of a large amount of hazardous and/or toxic materials or pesticides
- xiii. Development involving reclamation affecting bodies of water.
- (2)Projects implemented in, or which may affect, such areas as the following:
- i. Areas where there is the danger of salt accumulation or soil erosion
- ii. Semi-arid areas
- iii. Natural forests in tropical areas
- iv. Water sources
- v. Habitats of value to protection and conservation and/or sustainable use of fish and wildlife resources (including coral reef or mangrove ecosystems)
- vi. Areas of unique interest (historical, cultural or scientific)
- vii. Areas of concentrations of population or industrial activities
- viii. Areas of particular social interest to specific vulnerable population groups (nomadic people, etc., with traditional lifestyle)
- (3)Projects with such characteristics as the following:
- i. Projects expected to have a wide, diverse and irreversible environmental impact
- ii. Projects affecting a large number of inhabitants (other than impacts resulting from involuntary resettlement)
- iii. Projects consuming a large amount of non-renewable natural resources
- iv. Projects resulting in the occurrence of significant change in land use or the social, physical and/or ecological environment
- v. Projects causing the generation or involving the disposal of a large amount of hazardous and/or toxic wastes.
- 2. Category B:
- (1)Projects belonging to the following sectors and not belonging to Category A:
- i. Road and Railroad
- ii. Airports
- iii. Ports and harbours
- iv. Water supply
- v. Sewerage
- vi. Electric power generation
- vii. Electric power transmission
- viii. Industry in general
- ix. Mining development
- x. Oil and gas pipelines
- xi. Diversion channels
- xii. Forestry
- xiii. Irrigation
- xiv. Waste disposal.
- (2)Projects other than (1) and with a less remarkable environmental impact than a Category A project
- (3)Engineering Service Loans provided for projects belonging to Category A.
- 3. Category C
- (1)Projects not normally expected to have an environmental impact
- (2)Certain telecommunication, education, human resource development projects, etc., may in certain cases, fall within this category.