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January 6, 2015

Two Components of JICA Ethiopia's Rural Resilience Enhancement Project Completed Successfully

The horn of Africa has been affected by frequent droughts for years. In 2011, severe drought occurred which has affected millions of population in the region. In Ethiopia the drought affected about 4.5 million populations and more than 80% of the affected population live in the Somali region as well as in the Southern part of Oromia Region.

As a response to the 2011 drought, JICA Ethiopia office started the "Rural Resilience Enhancement Project" with the overall goal of enhancing the resilience of vulnerable population against the impacts of climate change such as drought in Oromia and Somali Regions.

JICA's project has three components: A) Community Based Activities and Strengthening of Livestock Marketing among pastoralist and Agro-pastoralist in Southern parts of Oromia Region (Borena), B) Introducing the Weather Index Insurance scheme for farmers in low rainfall areas of Oromia region C) Construction of irrigation scheme for pastoralist and agro-pastoralist population in Somali Region.

Currently the first two components have been completed successfully.

A) Community Based Projects and Strengthening of Livestock Marketing Among Pastoralist and Agro-Pastoralist in Southern Oromia (Borena)

The interventions under this component which has been implemented in 6 districts reached 20,708 households (which is 22% of the total population in Borena zone.

The specific activities implemented under this component include:

  • Constructing two secondary Livestock Markets
  • Pond construction/ rehabilitation
  • Bush clearing
  • Rangeland management
  • Forage production
  • Pasture development
  • Provision of tools and seeds(42, 000 tools distributed)
  • Dry land agriculture
  • Capacity building for community and local government

Some of the Unique Aspects of the Project Approach (compared to conventional approaches) include:

  • The project implementation modality was unique; there was no wage or other payment to the community.
  • It does not introduce new activities to communities. By providing tools, seeds and skill trainings it enhanced community's capacity to implement the existing activities.
  • It does not have specific target groups and it involves the entire community member in the watershed.
  • It uses the existing cultural values and social ties to mobilise the community for implementation.
  • Pasture seed production was introduced by the project as new experience to the community

These unique aspects enhanced communities' participation and ownership of the project activities (by reducing the problem of dependency) which will ensure sustainability of the project.

The project was very much appreciated by government counterparts for its unique aspects and it is believed that it will enhance communities' resilience against droughts.

PhotoCommunity members working on pond construction and plantation activities

PhotoCommunity members working on pond construction and plantation activities

PhotoOne of the Livestock Markets constructed

PhotoPasture production activity

B) Weather Index Insurance in Low Rainfall Areas

JICA introduced the weather index insurance scheme to reduce the risk on agriculture in low rainfall areas. This project component provided capacity building trainings on basic principles of insurance, agriculture risk management and concept weather index insurance. This component was implemented 8 districts in Oromia region in collaboration with partners such as Oromia Insurance Company, Cooperatives/ Unions in each district. The achievement of this project includes:

  • Implemented in 45 kebeles in 8 districts
  • About 5,623 farmers registered for this program
  • Total insured amount is more than 572, 000 (Et. Birr)
  • Attitudinal change among farmers on WII

PhotoFarmers who have purchased the weather index insurance

PhotoFarmers who have purchased the weather index insurance

Implementation of the project activities under this component is completed on November 2014 and final report will be made on January 2015.

More details are available at:


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