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Activities in India

Agricultural and Rural Development

Attapady Wasteland Comprehensive Environmental Conservation Project

Loan Agreement Date:January 25, 1996
Loan Amount:5.11 billion yen
Interest(%):2.1
Repayment/Deferment Period (Years):30/10
Executing Agency:Attappady Hills Area Development Society
State:Kerala

* JICA actively supports developing countries' efforts to address global issues by applying lower-than-ordinary interest rates to environmental projects.

Summary

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Attappady, the tribal block in Kerala experienced severe ecological degradation losing natural resource base which adversely affected livelihood security of the people.

The objective of the Attappady Wasteland Comprehensive Environmental Conservation Project (AWCECP) is ecological restoration of degraded wastelands in Attappady and development of replicable models of participative eco-restoration promoting sustainable livelihood with special emphasis on tribal population in harmony with resource base.

The project activities are planned and implemented on watershed basis. For each micro watershed, a micro plan focusing on eco-restoration and livelihood security has been prepared using participatory tools. The tribal people are organized into Hamlet Development Committees to plan and execute public works related to tribal land development, housing and social development components. Joint Forest Management Committees protect and manage the forest lands within the project area. The project works on the principles of grass root level governance of resources, adopting participatory technology through instrument of social empowerment.

The project is multi-sectored in nature and some of the major achievements are highlighted as follows: plantation activities are undertaken on 11837 ha changing the landscape of the plateau with regenerated greenery, about 16000 ha of land is treated with soil and water conservation works and 1277 recharging ponds are created enhancing water resource base bringing 1554 ha of fallow land under cultivation, organic farming and innovative practices are promoted, Income Generation Activities such as sericulture are initiated, drinking water system is being set up to provide water to 2500 households, and more than 1000 houses are constructed in remote tribal hamlets.

Environmental Literacy (ENLITE) classes are opened in remote tribal hamlets targeting adults not only for literacy skills in their own mother tongue but also for awareness on environmental conservation. The classes are taken up by tribal woman who is able to read and write from the respective hamlet.

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