March 31, 2017
New Delhi, March 31, 2017: Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) signed an agreement with the Government of India to provide 6,870 Million Japanese Yen (approximately INR 400 crores) to introduce Intelligent Transport System (ITS) on Delhi Eastern Peripheral Expressway (EPE). The ODA loan's conditions are very concessional, i.e. 1.4% interest rate for project activities and 0.01% interest rate for consulting services and 30 years of repayment period (including 10 years of grace period). This JICA assisted project aims to construct a modern traffic monitoring/management system to meet the increasing traffic volume, such as mitigation of traffic congestion at the toll gates and reducing the accident rate of Delhi EPE, by introducing ITS, thereby contributing to promote regional socio-economic development.
The agreement was signed between Mr. Takema SAKAMOTO, Chief Representative, JICA India Office and Mr. S. Selvakumar, Joint Secretary, Department of Economic Affairs, the Ministry of Finance, Government of India in New Delhi.
Speaking on the occasion, Mr. Takema Sakamoto, Chief Representative, JICA India Office said, "The installation of this ITS system on the Delhi EPE, which is currently under construction by the National Highways Authority of India (NHAI), will assist in effectively managing the fast increasing of traffic in the Delhi NCR region. We expect that this project would not only promote regional socio-economic development but also improve the urban environment, through mitigation of traffic jams and decrease of pollution caused by increasing vehicles in the urban area. Also, I hope the Project becomes the show window model to be disseminated in India"
The Project targets to meet increasing traffic volume in metropolitan areas by introducing Advanced Traffic Management System (ATMS) to reduce traffic congestion and accidents and Toll Management System (TMS) to shorten the queues at toll gates. The project targets Delhi Metropolitan Area covering a 135km long tolled access-control highway that starts at Kundli and ends at Palwal.
Delhi is the capital of India and the second largest city in India. With rapid urbanization, severe traffic congestion is becoming a serious economic problem by causing a bottleneck for business activities. Delhi, surrounded by the other states (Uttar Pradesh and Haryana), is an important point of road transportation. Due to insufficient development of the road infrastructure, a number of vehicles have to enter the city to pass through. In addition, to avoid the traffic congestion in the city during daytime (from 8:00 A.M. to 9:00 P.M.), traffic restriction system was introduced; however, this system causes more vehicles entering the city at night as well as problems such as air pollution, noise and traffic accidents. Furthermore, since those vehicles have to use alternative routes in the suburbs of Delhi due to the traffic restriction system, the poor conditions of the routes cause more time to pass through the area and damaging the cargo. The project will construct a modernized effective traffic system to meet the increasing traffic volume of EPE by introducing ITS comprising of ATMS and TMS systems. ATMS will collect information on road conditions, traffic conditions and weather conditions at the traffic control centers and will provide the necessary information on roads, traffic and weather to road users 24 hours a day 365 days a year to ultimately ensure safe and smooth movement of traffic. TMS will include a rationalized distance based toll system to deal with traffic congestion and a Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) system, which is a standard system for national highways in India, will be used in the Electronic Toll Collection System (ETC) system. In this system, an RFID tag, called FASTag, is attached onto a windshield of vehicle. This tag has been encoded ID number unique to each vehicle, and when a car with the valid tag passes through the FASTag lane, the data of this car is transmitted from the registered FASTag code to the drivers' online account in the central server. Since the drivers do not have to stop and pay at the toll gates, the queues will be shortened drastically.
The Executing Agency for the project is the NHAI.
The image is an example of traffic management center in Japan.
(Photo courtesy: East Nippon Expressway Company Limited)
L-R – Mr. Takema Sakamoto, Chief Representative, JICA India Office and Mr. S. Selvakumar, Joint Secretary, Department of Economic Affairs (DEA) at the Loan Agreement Signing of Intelligent Transport System (ITS) at the Delhi Eastern Peripheral Expressway (EPE)
Established, by a specific law, as an independent administrative institution under the Government of Japan, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) aims to contribute to the promotion of international cooperation, as a sole Japanese governmental agency in charge of ODA implementation. JICA is the world's largest bilateral donor agency. JICA works as a bridge between Japan and emerging countries, and provides assistance in forms of loan, grant and technical cooperation so that the emerging countries can strengthen their capabilities.