November 20, 2018
Mumbai, November 20, 2018: Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) attended the World Toilet Summit 2018, a sanitation-focused conference, held in Mumbai, Maharashtra on 19th November. The summit is organised annually in different countries since 2001 and this was third summit held in India.
Mr. Devendra Fadnavis, Honourable Chief Minister of Maharashtra, provided a video message, and the summit was attended by dignitaries such as Mr. Hiranya Borah, Deputy Director General, Swachh Bharat Mission (SBM), Ministry of Drinking Water and Sanitation (MoDWS); Mr. Jack Sim, Founder, World Toilet Organization, Singapore and representatives from various private entities among others.
Mr. Katsuo Matsumoto, Chief Representative, JICA India Office, as a Key Note Speaker, presented ‘Tackling Sanitation Needs: Multi-stakeholder & Multi-sectoral Approaches are Necessary' session. Mr. Matsumoto remarked that "JICA has been supporting India's water and sanitation sector for over 30 years through ODA loans, technical cooperation and grants, making us one of the largest contributors to the sector. Through our experiences, we learnt that building toilets is not enough; there exists various needs of people, especially of women, which should be addressed for sustainable sanitation, such as safety, water connection, and maintenance. Further, awareness among the public concerning toilet is critical and plays an instrumental role in achieving the goal. The social innovation in toilet would be possible only when it provides community-based, low-cost and water saving solution."
JICA has been supporting development of water supply and sewage treatment infrastructure throughout India. Nearly 30 million people will receive water from water supply projects, while 15 million people are expected to be benefited from sewerage projects. It has also supported capacity development of water related agencies by introducing volumetric tariff system for billing water consumption, efficient asset management, and enabling non-revenue water reduction.
JICA has supported the public/community toilet and awareness program as a part of ODA loan projects. Some of the public/community toilets are equipped with need-based arrangements such as shower/kitchen sinks, children toilets, incinerator for sanitary pads and bio-degradable odorless treatment. Multi-stakeholder coordination is the key; the design was developed by international agency reflecting the voices of the users, and construction was executed by the local NGO. JICA conducted the ‘Data Collection Survey on Toilet 2015' where in the major frightening finding was that people prefer to "defecate open". The awareness program plays an important role for behavior change, and it is an integral part of many of the JICA supported sewerage projects. JICA also provides support to Japanese private companies to implement pilot projects with innovative technology in sanitation sector all over the world.
JICA has funded 25 water and sanitation projects in India, amounting to ODA loans worth 752 billion Japanese Yen (approximately INR. 44,300 crores). Some of the major projects in water supply and sanitation sector portfolio are Yamuna Action Plan (YAP) I-III, Ganga Action Plan (Varanasi), Odisha Integrated Sanitation Improvement Project I-II, and Hussain Sagar Lake and Catchment Area Improvement Project.
Mr. Katsuo Matsumoto, Chief Representative, JICA India is sitting on the panel with other Key Speakers at World Toilet Summit
Mr. Katsuo Matsumoto responds to the interview from National media
Established by a specific law as an incorporated administrative institution under the Government of Japan, the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) aims to promote international cooperation as the sole Japanese governmental agency in charge of ODA implementation. JICA is the world's largest bilateral donor agency. JICA works as a bridge between Japan and emerging countries, and provides assistance in the form of loans, grants and technical cooperation, so that the emerging countries can strengthen their capabilities.
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