Topical and Sectoral Studies

Japan's Experiences in Public Health and Medical Systems (March 2005)

Institute for International Cooperation
Japan International Cooperation Agency

日本語

Information Material of Study Report/ Audio-Visual Teaching Material

This study report summarizes the path that modern Japan took and its diverse development experience in the field of public health and medical systems. Furthermore, the possibility of applying this experience in developing countries is carefully examined. In addition to the study report, audio-visual materials are available for use in the field of international cooperation. The audio-visual/teaching materials correspond to the contents of the study report and it is possible to use the two complimentarily.

<Study Report>

The development of public health and medical systems is an important field directly related to human life. In the past, Japan suffered high infant and maternal mortality rates, as well as the spread of infectious diseases, but with care and ingenuity, measures were taken step-by-step by the government and the citizens through times of insufficient financial resources. Japan has now become a country whose population has the greatest longevity in the world. This study report summarizes this experience and the lessons learned in various fields of Japan's public health and medical systems, and studies how they can be applied from the perspective of developing countries.

*With regard to Japan's experience in the field of social security systems, a study report entitled "Development of Japan's Social Security System - An Evaluation and Implications for Developing Countries-" is also available.

Japan's Experiences in Public Health and Medical Systems

Cover (PDF/912KB)

Foreword, Contents, Terms and Abbreviations, Overview of the Research Survey (PDF/500KB)

Introduction The Issues of Public Health and Medical Systems in Developing Countries (PDF/472KB)

Part I Overview of Public Health and the Medical System in Japan

  • Chapter 1: The History of Public Health and Medical Services (PDF/524KB)
  • Chapter 2: Present State of Public Health and Medical Services (PDF/544KB)

Part II Japan's Experiences in Public Health and Medical Services

  • Chapter 3: Maternal and Child Health (PDF/508KB)
  • Chapter 4: Family Planning (PDF/528KB)
  • Chapter 5: Infectious Diseases Control (PDF/568KB)
  • Chapter 6: Environmental Pollution Control Measures (PDF/540KB)
  • Chapter 7: Occupational Health (PDF/480KB)
  • Chapter 8: Community-based Health Systems (PDF/552KB)
  • Chapter 9: School Health Programs (PDF/472KB)
  • Chapter 10: Emergency Medical Care (PDF/524KB)
  • Chapter 11: National Health Insurance (PDF/480KB)
  • Supplementary Chapter : Environmental Sanitation (PDF/464KB)

Part III. Towards Application of Japan's Experience in Public Health and Medical Systems to Developing Countries

  • Chapter 12: Towards Application of Japan’s Experiencein Public Health and Medical Systems to Developing Countries (PDF/500KB)

Appendix: Statistics Related to Public Health and Medical Systems (PDF/596KB)

References (PDF/428KB)

< Audio-Visual Teaching Material >

This material provides opportunities for development practitioners in the field to teach and consider Japan’s experiences in public health and medical systems together with their counterparts in developing countries. It can be used on occasions such as seminars, symposiums, lectures, and training sessions, as well as for information-sharing with counterparts in developing countries.

Two sets of audio-visual materials are available. One is the ”historical transition” version (35 minutes) that explains the historical background to Japan’s public health and medical systems. The other is the ”community-based health” version (34 minutes), which introduces examples of health activities undertaken through cooperation among local residents, public health nurses and the local community in the impoverished circumstances of the early post-WWII period. PDF files of a scenario with original pictures and graphs are also downloadable.

"History of Public Health and Medical Systems in Japan"

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