March 22, 2012
|Professor Lawrence Haddad|
In his lecture, Prof. Haddad showcased a list of ten selected urgent items of food and nutrition research theme, which focused to address two major questions: “Why is under-nutrition stuck in South Asia?” and “What to do to get agriculture moving in sub-Saharan Africa?”
According to him, South Asia accounts for about 45% of the world’s malnourished children (partly due to the big population there) and their percentage in the population is much higher than that of sub-Saharan Africa. Prof. Haddad pointed out that the problem is this high level is not dropping despite the rapid economic growth countries like India are enjoying at the moment, and not many are aware of this fact. As for sub-Saharan Africa, he described it as one region that possesses the huge potential for agricultural success. With conditions like fertile soils and large areas of land available for cultivation, he called the current situation “being on the verge of an explosion of agricultural productivity and production in Africa,” and said this is important for Africa, but also for the rest of the world as the world needs to secure many more breadbaskets.
The urgent ten items, selected by Prof. Haddad, ranged from: “How can agriculture contribute more to under-nutrition reduction?” and “Will increased social accountability improve service delivery?”(for the question on South Asia); to “Large farms or small?” and “How seriously to take food price volatility?” (for sub-Saharan Africa). He illustrated each item with reasons why they should be researched now with his insights.
Prof. Haddad explained researchers in this field like him need to be strategic about how to spend available resources such as which regions to invest, which types of crops to plant, as once they are invested, it is rather difficult to change the path, and that is why he focused on these ten. The answers to the items are critical for policy and could help accelerate progress on eradication of extreme poverty and hunger, he concluded.
Director, The Institute of Development Studies, in Sussex, U.K
|Day||March 08, 2012(Thu)|