The Fourth Tokyo International Conference on African Development (TICAD IV) in 2008 saw the announcement of an initiative, "the Coalition for African Rice Development (CARD)", aimed at doubling Africa’s rice production in ten years. Following this, JICA Research Institute conducts a research project titled “An Empirical Analysis on Expanding Rice Production in Sub Sahara Africa,” to analyze the impact of the CARD initiative on rice productivity and poverty reduction in Africa. This project aims to assess the effectiveness of various means of improving agricultural production such as new agricultural technology and its dissemination. The project is currently in its second phase from 2014. The study covers six countires, namely Ghana, Senegal, Tanzania, Uganda, Mozambique and Ivory Coast.