JICA Research Institute

Research

Analysis of the Current Status and Issues of Parental Support for Children’s Learning in the Early Grades: Case Study of Cambodia

In recent years, international learning assessments such as the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and the Programme for International Study Assessment (PISA), have revealed that on average, the level of learning achievement in developing countries is low. The Early Grade Reading Assessment (EGRA) also shows that many children fail to learn the basics in the early grades of primary education, which could lead to a greater number of dropouts. The preceding literature on learning achievement in developing countries has largely focused on the quality of teachers and schools, not in-depth analysis on parental involvement in their children’s learning. Therefore, this study will deepen into a detailed examination of parental activities in supporting their children’s learning, and parental resources such as personal circumstances and how much available time they have.

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