May 14, 2014
The "Seminar for Yangon Urban Transport Master Plan" was successfully organized at Asia Plaza Hotel in Yangon on 12th May 2014 and at Thingaha Hotel in Nay Pyi Taw on 14th May 2014. The said plan is highly expected to be seen by H. E. U Thein Sein, the President of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar and concerned organizations since it is a plan for solving traffic congestion problem and is expected to be a foundation for urban transport infrastructure development of Yangon.
At the seminar in Yangon, H. E. U Aung Khin, Minister, Ministry of Transport and Communication, Yangon Region Government addressed opening and closing speech, and in Nay Pyi Taw, H. E. U Than Htay, Union Minister, Ministry of Rail Transportation addressed opening and closing speech by showing their high interest and support to the said Project. Mr. Yuichi SUGANO, Deputy Director General, Economic Infrastructure Department of JICA Headquarters also addressed opening speech at both Yangon and Nay Pyi Taw Seminar.
The seminar was organized to present the major finding of the "Project for Comprehensive Urban Transport Plan of the Greater Yangon (YUTRA)", which was implemented by Yangon Region Government in collaboration with Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) since December 2012. The main purpose of the said Project is to prepare a comprehensive urban transport plan of Greater Yangon that includes a long-term plan until 2035, a mid-term plan until 2025 and a short- term action plan until 2018.
Yangon, the largest economic center of the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, has about 5.1 Million populations and has been experiencing rapid urbanization and accelerated motorization as the nation's economy increase, which put more pressure on the existing transport infrastructure in Yangon City and surrounding area.
Mr. Takashi SHOYAMA, Team Leader together with his members initiated the YUTRA effectively in close cooperation with concerned governmental organizations. Outline of the Master Plan was opened on 12th May 2014 to parliament members of Yangon Region, Regional officials from concerned Ministries, media and private companies.
Outline of the Master Plan was also presented to concerned Union Ministries and Development Committee on 14th May 2014 by the strong support of Ministry of Rail Transportation, in order to obtain authorization and approval from concerned agencies of Myanmar at both Union and Regional level.
Most important strategy to solve the issue of traffic congestion in the Greater Yangon is to develop or improve public transport means as Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) and urban railway, together with improvement of traffic management system, which will help to utilize existing transport infrastructure effectively.
As for Short-term Action, till 2018, three (3) components were recommended:
It was also recommended on priority projects to be considered by the Myanmar Government targeting for Middle-term till 2025 and Long-term till 2035 on both rail and road sector development. For railway sector, the Greater Yangon should have a total urban railway network composing of 6 lines, including 4 lines upgraded from existing railway and two newlines, with total length is 175.9 km. For road sector, together with development of missing links and new bridges, the Inner Ring Road expressway will play an important role in transport network in the future.
At the Seminars, Professor Hironori KATO, Department of Civil Engineering, the University of Tokyo presented "Transportation Infrastructure and Finance" in order to consider the approaches for financing in transportation sector and ways to cover the initial investment cost with applicable examples, such as congestion charging, value capture in Transit Oriented Development (TOD).
In addition, Mr. Kinji HASEGAWA, Institutional Management of Urban Transport, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, Government of Japan also presented "Urban Transportation Development in Japan" by touching upon both rail and road sectors. He emphasized the importance of integrated development of urban and transport infrastructure, as well as the significant role of the ring road.
The presentations in the seminars were made by referring to actual survey results and demand forecast results with some videos clips. Furthermore, applicable references and good experiences were shared. The best use of "public finance" and "PPPs" together with pros and cons for using PPP were also advised.
Nearly 200 participants attended Yangon Seminar and nearly 100 participants attended Nay Pyi Taw Seminar with great interest and active discussion, which were explained and discussed by concerned counterpart officials, officials from JICA and the team leader of YUTRA. The master plan is expected to be approved at soonest manner, to firmly establish a base policy which will orient investment from public sector as well as private sector into transport infrastructure of the area.
Opening Speech addressed by H. E. U Than Htay, Union Minister, Ministry of Rail Transportation at the seminar in Nay Pyi Taw on 14 May 2014
Opening Speech addressed by Mr. Yuichi SUGANO, Deputy Director General of the Economic Infrastructure Department, JICA Headquarters on 14 May 2014
High interest and participation of H. E. U Aung Khin, Minister, Ministry of Transport and Communication of Yangon Region Government, at the question and answer section after his opening speech at the Seminar in Yangon on 12 May 2014
H. E. U Kyaw Lwin, Union Minister, Ministry of Construction, H. E. U Wunna Maung Lwin, Union Minister, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and H. E. U Than Htay, Union Minister, Ministry of Rail Transportation (Left to right) at the seminar in Nay Pyi Taw
H. E. U Hla Myint, Mayor of Yangon City, H. E. U Aung Khin, Minister, Ministry of Transport and Communication, Yangon Region Government and H. E. U Myint Thein, Deputy Minister, Ministry of Rail Transportation at the seminar in Nay Pyi Taw on 14 May 2014
Finding of the Master Plan were presented by Mr. Takashi SHOYAMA, Team Leader of the YUTRA on 14 May 2014 at Nay Pyi Taw Seminar
Presentation made by Professor Hironori KATO, Department of Civil Engineering, the University of Tokyo at Nay Pyi Taw Seminar on 14 May 2014
Presentation made by Mr. Kinji HASEGAWA, Institutional Management of Urban Transport, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, Government of Japan at Nay Pyi Taw Seminar
Attendee at Yangon Seminar on 12 May 2014
Active participation of an official from the Ministry of Rail Transportation at Yangon Seminar on 12 May 2014
Discussion made by a counterpart official, U Tun Aung Thinn, General Manager (Lower Myanmar), Myanma Railway, Ministry of Rail Transportation at the seminar in Yangon on 12 May 2014
Explanation by Mr. Takashi SHOYAMA, Team Leader of JICA Study Team at the seminar in Nay Pyi Taw on 14 May 2014