July 10, 2015
To illustrate the overview of JICA's cooperation for Nepal's reconstruction and discuss how the cooperation can be more effective and efficient to build a resilient society in the Kathmandu Valley and rural area of Nepal after the great earthquake that struck to Nepal on April 25, 2015, JICA Nepal organized seminar on" Realization of Build Back Better Reconstruction of Nepal and JICA's Seamless Cooperation" in Kathmandu.
In the seminar, JICA Nepal's Chief Representative Tsutomu Shimizu stressed on JICA's support to Government of Nepal's effort for preparing the plan for the reconstruction of Nepal with the BBB approach in a seamless manner. In the mean time, Joint Secretary of Ministry of Urban Development Padam Kumar Mainali informed that, Nepal Government is ready to cooperate with JICA in the process of the reconstruction.
JICA experts emphasized on resilient reconstruction from urgent counter measures to medium-and-long term counter measures to be taken progressively. They also urged the necessity on effective planning on road networks, bridge construction, security of public place, houses and aware the public about protective measures during the time of emergencies. JICA project team also informed about the Project on Rehabilitation and Recovery from Nepal Earthquake which has three outputs i.e Formulation of plan for Kathmandu valley and district level, seismic resistant building guideline and its dissemination and prioritized reconstruction project (Grant Aid Program). Similarly, The Project on Urban Transport Improvement for Kathmandu Valley in Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal will basically work for Establishment of Comprehensive Urban Transport Master Plan, Implementation of pilot project, Capacity Development of relevant agencies to monitor, maintain and alter the Master Plan.
Mr. Hiroshi Kaneko presented the paper on "Progress Stage to the Resilient Reconstruction for the Future Earthquake".Mr. Hiroyasu SHINGAI showed the desirable structures of Kathmandu Valley and concepts of urban planning through the Proposals for ‘BBB' Master plan of Kathmandu City. For Resilient Infrastructures Development in Nepal, Dr, Eng., PE, Shigeki UNJOH, presented the findings and recommendations for sustainable structures. And Mr. Kenpei Kojika informed about the project for the assessment of earthquake disaster risk for the Kathmandu Valley in Nepal.
The major earthquakes that struck Nepal on 25 April and 12 May 2015 resulted in nearly 9,000 casualties and destruction of over a half a million homes. In response to the catastrophic disasters, the government of Japan (GoJ), as a host country of the 3rd UN World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction (UNWCDRR), has been practicing a seamless cooperation over short-term response phase and mid-term reconstruction phase. In the middle of May, GoJ dispatched the JICA Study Team for Reconstruction Support to the Government of Nepal which comprises of three Japanese experts from the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (MLIT). Over the last two months, these experts actively conducted survey and analysis with a viewpoint of buildings/housings, urban transport planning and civil infrastructure, respectively. In parallel, JICA has been preparing for a comprehensive cooperation project for the recovery of Nepal, and it has just been commenced in early July. This new project is expected to incorporate the result of JICA's related projects as well as that of MLIT Study Team.