September 25, 2013
Goat weighing by the Study Team
Islamabad, September 25, 2013: To revive the livestock potential of Pakistan, Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) has signed today an agreement with the Sindh Government to implement a project on sustainable livestock development in rural Sindh for 5 years. Earlier, the Government of Sindh in collaboration with the Japanese experts on several fields has formulated a livestock development master plan along with the strategy and action plan through to 2020 based on the scrutiny carried out from 2011 to 2012. This project is the start of implementation of the action plan proposed in the master plan.
The province of Sindh has 6.92 million cattle, 7.34 million buffaloes, 3.96 million sheep, 1.26 million goats and 278 thousand camels while the accumulated live stock holdings of the Province stands at 21% of the entire country. These huge numbers of livestock is one of the significant potentials for livestock development in terms of high production capability, various genetic resources, large amount of food resources, huge value of liquid asset, etc. Further, Sindh is having an outlet of livestock not only to foreign countries but also to neighboring provinces. These potentials should be fully exploited for the development of the livestock sector in Sindh.
The pilot districts of JICA's initiative are Badin, Hyderabad, Matiari, Tando Allayar and Tando Muhammad Khan. The project will be starting with five pilot farmers to be selected for the development of low-cost, effective and sustainable livestock technologies in each district, i.e. 25 farmers in five districts, and then the number of the farmers who will be disseminated such technologies will be gradually increased. At the end of the project period, the number of the farmers who will benefit from the project is estimated at about 7,500.
The proposed project aims to increase the production volumes of milk and meat through the improvement of per animal production capacity, the increase of the number of the animals per household, and the improvement of the marketing of those products. As a result, the project will lead to the increase of the income and assets of the livestock farmers in the target districts, particularly small farmers including tenant and non-farm households, who occupy 80% of the total households in rural Sindh.
The grand objective of the project is to promote agricultural growth with high employment elasticity, reducing inter-regional as well as intra-regional disparities, and to alleviate poverty, thereby the people of rural Sindh could contribute much more to the prosperity of Pakistan with pride and dignity
As population of Pakistan is expected to rise by around 40% between 2010 and 2030 and the per capita is projected to double during these periods, the demand for meat and milk is expected to increase as well.