April 1, 2005
The Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) have launched the “Recovery, Rehabilitation and Development Project in Tsunami Affected Area” in Sri Lanka, implemented under the technical cooperation program of the Government of Japan. Multi-sector project teams arrived in Sri Lanka on 14 March 2005 and the project will continue about 2 years. The objectives of the project are (a) to formulate a plan for recovery, rehabilitation and development program by incorporating Japanese experience in disaster management as well as sharing that experience with Sri Lankan people, (b) to assist in and monitor quick implementation of recovery, and rehabilitation projects to be funded under the Japanese Non-Project Grant Aid and ODA loan.
The three project teams are to cover North and East region, Southern region, and road rehabilitation, respectively. The North and Eastern region team will mainly look at the North and Eastern coastal region and will support preparation of an integrated reconstruction plan for township in Ampara district, planning of relocation program, preliminary study for social infrastructure project, and fishery village community restoration. The Southern region team will prepare a reconstruction plan of fishery harbors and reconstruction plan for township, and fishery community restoration activities support program. The road rehabilitation team will carry out detailed design for the 4 causeways on the Eastern coast and a feasibility study on the road section between Akkaraipattu and Trikkandimadu in Ampara and Batticaloa Districts. All these teams will facilitate the smooth and successful implementation of ODA loan and US$80 million worth Japanese Non-Project Grant Aid.
On 31 December 2004, immediately after the Tsunami disaster, the Government of Japan donated Rs.29.6 million worth emergency aid materials including tents, mats, blankets, generators, water tanks and water purification systems. From 29th December 2004 to 15 January 2005, the Japanese Government dispatched a disaster relief medical team (JDR medical team) through JICA to operate an emergency medical clinic in Sainthamaruthu in Ampara District. In January 2005, the Government of Japan provided US$ 80 million worth Non-Project Grant Aid in order to support relief, rehabilitation and reconstruction activities in the tsunami affected areas. From 17th January to 9th February 2005, JICA dispatched a Tsunami Disaster Needs Assessment Mission, comprising 16 members, to carry out an overall assessment on urgent requirements in the tsunami affected areas.