JICA USA Newsletter

October/November 2006

South-South Cooperation

"A means of promoting effective development by learning and sharing best practices and technology among developing countries", this is the official definition of South-South Cooperation as promoted by the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). JICA's task force on South-South Cooperation has used the UNDP definition as a base from which to construct its own definition, as follows: "Mutual cooperation aimed at fostering self-sustaining development, involving deepening relations among developing countries while conducting technical and economic cooperation."

Based on its particular experience on reconstruction, Japan joined the Colombo Plan in 1954 and began providing technical assistance to other developing countries. Japan was an ex- recipient country with experience of receiving "support for South-South Cooperation." Nowadays and by way of the new ODA Charter approved in 2003, "Japan will actively promote South-South Cooperation in partnership with more advanced developing countries in Asia and other regions. Japan will also stregthen collaboration with regional cooperation networks, and will support region-wide cooperation that encompasses several countries".

The use of Third-Country Training Programs and Third-Country Experts are major features of JICA's cooperation. Cooperation is also being implemented based on Partnership Programs that serve as a comprehensive framework through which the Japanese government and the governments of developing countries jointly support the efforts of other developing countries and regions.

Further Info on JICA's Support for SSC (PDF/1.9MB)

Third-Country Training Program

This program began in 1975. With assistance from donor countries and aid organizations, a developing country accepts trainees from other developing countries with shared characteristics in order to transfer development expertise and skills. JICA generally implements this scheme through an organization in a developing country to which it provided assistance in the past, thus transferring Japanese skills and expertise to trainees in other developing countries in a manner that has been adapted to meet local conditions. In fiscal 2004 (April 2004 to March 2005), 162 third-country training courses were implemented in 36 countries, taking in 3,545 trainees.

Project: Medical Cooperation for Iraq in Concert with Egypt and Jordan.
JICA is providing support for South-South Cooperation for Iraq's reconstruction. Following a Japan-Egypt summit meeting held in May 2003, JICA began training healthcare personnel to work in Iraq at Cairo University Pediatric Hospital, to which JICA has been providing cooperation for a number of years. In order to assist Iraq's reconstruction, while expanding its work to fields other than healthcare, JICA is supporting effective South-South Cooperation that makes use of the social and cultural commonalities of Egypt, Jordan and Iraq by helping to transfer the medical know-how that was previously transferred to other Arab countries in the region. Collaboration among Arabic countries to assist Iraq through JICA's third-country training programs is expected to nurture mutual friendship in the region.

Support to Iraq's Reconstruction

List of Third-Country Training Pograms in Egypt, Jordan and Syria

DRC: Capacity Building on Law and Justice.
In 2004, 33 policemen and election commissioners from DRC were formely trained with the assistance of South African authorities in order to become trainers back in their country. Subsequently a series of training courses were implemented by JICA in collaboration with the UN mission in DRC (MONUC) targeting police and with the IEC for election administration staff in June-July 2006 in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). In the months of June and July, 980 officers from Kinshasa and 126 officers from Matadi (Bas-Congo province) participated in training courses such as Maintenance of Law and Order, Law and Justice, Intelligence, Democratization of Police, etc. The total number of the participants who benefited directly from the training now amounts to more than 7000 since the programmes started in 2004.

President Ogata to Make a Three-Country Tour of Africa

Third-Country Experts

This program began in 1995. With support from donor nations and aid organizations, experts from developing countries are dispatched to other developing countries in order to transfer their expertise and skills. In fiscal 2004, 124 experts from developing nations were dispatched to other developing nations.


A Demand-Driven Approach: Asia-Africa Knowledge Co-Creation Program.

This program began in 1995. With support from donor nations and aid organizations, experts from developing countries are dispatched to other developing countries in order to transfer their expertise and skills. In fiscal 2004, 124 experts from developing nations were dispatched to other developing nations.

Asia-Africa Knowledge Co-creation Program

Capacity Development in Latin America.

JICA positively supports Capacity Development in some of the countries in the region so they can become new partner countries in other South-South Cooperation programs. Concrete examples of such support include technical cooperation projects aimed at strengthening the Japan-Chile Partnership Program and the Mini-Project-Type Technical Cooperation for Enforcement of South-South Cooperation in Mexico of June 2003, which saw the dispatch of experts to the Mexican Institute of International Cooperation (IMEXCI), now the General Direction of Technical and Scientific Cooperation of the Mexican Ministry of Foreign Affairs (DGCTC). Additionally, there are more than 1.4 million people of Japanese descent in Latin America, and JICA makes effective use of the knowledge and skills possessed by these people via a program for the dispatch of Third-Country Experts throughout the region.

Japan-Chile Partnership Programme Expands the Horizon of JICA's Activities in Latin America

Partnership Program

This is a comprehensive framework through which the Japanese government and the governments of developing countries (hereinafter referred to as "partner countries") agree to jointly support the efforts of other developing countries and regions. Based on this framework, JICA works jointly with its counterpart organizations in partner countries to implement cooperation activities, such as the dispatch of experts, the acceptance of participants, and the hosting of seminars, in a comprehensive and methodical manner. There are also occasions when JICA transfers its knowledge and experience to its counterpart organizations in partner countries. As of December 2004, Japan has concluded Partnership Programs with 12 countries: Thailand, Singapore, Egypt, Tunisia, Chile, Brazil, Argentina, the Philippines, Morocco, Mexico, Indonesia, and Jordan.

JICA ASEAN Regional Cooperation Meeting (JARCOM)

JARCOM's aim is to accurately grasp the needs of recipient countries by bringing together all of the member states of ASEAN and to formulate projects based on this understanding. JARCOM is hosted by ASEAN members on a rotating basis. Nine projects were formulated for fiscal 2004 and will be implemented in Malaysia, Singapore, the Philippines, and Thailand. Through JARCOM, JICA assists the implementation of effective South-South Cooperation in the ASEAN region in a manner that allows the participants (new donor nations and recipient countries) to be the main actors.

JICA ASEAN Regional Cooperation Meeting (JARCOM)

Links

email: jicaus-newsletter@jica.go.jp
web: http://www.jica.go.jp/english/

PAGE TOP

Copyright © Japan International Cooperation Agency