With its hot and humid tropical climate, Indonesia is known as one of the most richly biodiverse countries in the world. Rapid population growth and industrial development, however, has led to an increasing demand for land and deforestation, causing rain forests to shrink. Because of this, there is concern over the destruction of the natural environment and a reduction in the number of species. To promote the conservation of biodiversity, the Indonesian government therefore established the Indonesian Biodiversity Action Plan (BAPI) in 1991.
The following year, the government of US and Japanese governments announced the US-Japan Global Partnership Action Plan, and the two nations commenced on a collaborative environmental project to manage and conserve natural resources in a developing country. Indonesia was proposed to be that country. Indonesian government agreed, and requested Japanese government for technology and grant aid cooperation for the project. In response, grant aid was provided for the Biodiversity Conservation Project (Phase I from 1995 to 1998 and Phase II from 1998 to 2003) as well as for the construction of facilities for biodiversity conservation in 1997.
The aim of the Gunung Halimun-Salak National Park Management Project is to introduce advance collaborative park management in Indonesia. The park management methods and biodiversity conservation technology provided through past cooperation will be built on and applied to the Gunung Halimun-Salak National Park. Using this as a model, the techniques gained will be then spread to other national parks through workshops and training.
(Japanese : PDF) http://www2.jica.go.jp/ja/evaluation/pdf/2003_0600341_1_s.pdf