Japan International Cooperation Agency
  • 日本語
  • English
  • Français
  • Espanol
  • Home
  • About JICA
  • News & Features
  • Countries & Regions
  • Our Work
  • Publications
  • Investor Relations

Activities in Myanmar

Major Infectious Diseases Control Project

Background and Aim


Urgently needed countermeasures for AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria are the top priority issues of Myanmar’s National Health Plan for the years 2006 to 2011. The number of persons in Myanmar infected with HIV/AIDS is estimated to be 330 thousand with a prevalence rate of 1.3 percent. Malaria and tuberculosis rank as the top two leading causes of death in Myanmar and it is also necessary to take measures urgently.

  • Record of Discussion signed on: January 19, 2005
  • Total Amount: 850 million yen
  • Executing Agency: Department of Health, Ministry of Health

Project Summary


The primary activities of this Project cover the following three areas:

  1. HIV/AIDS: Providing technical guidance to persons testing and/or handling blood and IEC (information, education, communication) training for blood donors, with an emphasis on blood safety.
  2. Tuberculosis: Coordination with the National Tuberculosis Programme to identify and treat patients using the DOTS (directly observed treatment, short course) method, give instruction in laboratory techniques and provide health education with a community participation-type model.
  3. Malaria: Conducting appropriate diagnosis and treatment at the village level, and providing training in laboratory techniques.

Project Highlights


For AIDS prevention, this Project is developing a blood donor registration system to be introduced to major hospitals. Tuberculosis is to be the subject of a national study on prevalence rates scheduled for 2009, based on the results of a previously supported 2006 study. Malaria is being addressed by mapping infection rates by region. Those regions with high rates are receiving mosquito nets, rapid diagnosis kits and anti-malaria drugs, while local residents are being asked to practice prevention, early diagnosis and treatment.


Copyright © Japan International Cooperation Agency