At roughly 180 million people, Pakistan is the sixth most populous country in the world, and is geopolitically important as a point of connection between Asia and the Middle East. Neighboring Afghanistan, Pakistan has drawn attention for its role in effectuating peace in the region overall as a country that will determine the outcome in the war against terrorism, and the international community increasingly place importance on its stable development.
JICA has been providing assistance in three focus areas: 1) ensuring human security and human development, 2) improving the economic base, and 3) stable, balanced development such as in Pakistan -Afghanistan border areas. By flexibly applying its various schemes (grant aid, Japanese ODA loans and technical cooperation), JICA is strengthening polio eradication and immunization measures, and providing water and sewer infrastructure and institutional arrangements to respond to rapid urbanization. JICA is also providing assistance for building power transmission and road networks primarily through ODA loans, and strengthening domestic industries through technical cooperation. Other assistance JICA is providing includes technical assistance for disaster preparedness at the national level, utilizing Japan's expertise that comes from being affected often by natural disasters.