Republic of Namibia gained independence from Republic of South Africa in 1990. Namibia borders Angola (north), Zambia (North-East), Botswana (East) and South Africa (South). The total area of Namibia is 824,292 square kilometres, which is 2.2 times bigger than Japan however the population is only 2.2 million therefore the population density is very low.
The Namibian economy is heavily dependent on the extraction and processing of minerals for export. Mining accounts for 11.5% of GDP, but provides more than 50% of foreign exchange earnings. And also beef and fish are exported. GDP is around US$ 5700 that is why Namibia is classified as an upper middle income country. This fact hides one of the world's most unequal income distributions. The Genie Coefficient is rated the highest in the world.
The population in Namibia consists of black 87.5%, white 6%, mixed 6.5%. The Namibian people consist of about 50% to the Owambo tribe and 9% to the Kavango tribe; other ethnic groups include Herero 7%, Damara 7%, Nama 5%, Caprivian 4%, Bushmen 3%, and Baster 2%, Tswana 0.5%. The Owambo people played a major part in the struggle for independence.
Unlike Zimbabwe land was not forcefully taken from white people after independence. Even at present there are no reported cases of violence amongst ethnic Namibians or amongst black and white Namibians.
The Government of the Republic of Namibia is running the country in a very peaceful manner. Security is very good compared to other sub-Saharan African countries. Safety and security is a huge advantage for Namibia and a good indicator to the world.
Most of the land in Namibia is desert and high plateau. Average annual rainfall is about 400mm. Namibia is located on the coast of South West Africa, therefore the winter season is very cold, and people need jackets for protection against the cold. There are some famous places in Namibia to visit, such as the Namib Desert, many national parks and the coastal town of Swakopmund which is a tourist attraction with German style architecture. Many tourists come to visit Namibia throughout the year.
Namibia has a long term plan to become an industrialised nation by the year 2030. This plan is called Vision 2030. In addition to this plan, Namibia has a five (5) year mid-term plan which acts as a system of checks and balance for the national plan Vision 2030. In terms of Vision 2030, poverty reduction is an important national concern. In accordance with Vision 2030, Japans cooperation is livelihood creation and the improvement of basic human needs and economy infrastructure development.
The JICA Namibia office was established in December 2005. Through Volunteer and Expert activities as a technical cooperation, JICA is aimed at human development and also the improvement of the basic human need. In addition there has been expert dispatchment, development study activities which are on-going for economic infrastructure development. In January 2015, the Embassy of Japan was formally established in Namibia, and we as JICA are continuously cooperating with the Embassy of Japan for the development of Namibia.