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Activities in Pakistan

Earth Quake Reconstruction and Rehabilitation

Japan’s Cooperation with Pakistan towards Rehabilitation/Reconstruction since the Earthquake on 8th October, 2005

The people and the Government of Japan responded with great sorrow about the colossal loss of life and damage caused by the devastating earthquake that struck Pakistan on October 8th 2005. Since then Japan has been making efforts for the rescue, relief and rehabilitation and reconstruction activities that are aimed at helping the victims. The Government of Japan was the first to abate the abysmal condition of the people affected by the earthquake. The Government of Japan provided emergency grant assistance to Pakistan along with a yen –loan assistance. Together with other assistances, the Japanese assistance related to the earthquake amounts to approximately more than US $ 200 million.

Following are the consolidated facts of Japanese contribution so far. Japan intends to continue to provide as much assistance as possible to support the people and Government of Pakistan during this difficult phase.

Support at the Emergency Stage:

1. Dispatch of the Japan Disaster Relief Teams

9th October 2005
A 49-member Japanese rescue team arrived and engaged in search-and-rescue operations in Batagram.

10th October 2005
42-members from two Japanese medical teams arrived at Pakistan. They established a medical relief camp in Batagram and also reached out to the needy in the adjacent Allai tehsil of the NWFP. The team provided medical services to 2,272 injured and sick survivors of the earthquake.

14th October 2005
Japan initiated the dispatch of the Japanese Self-Defense Forces (SDF). The SDF personnel, comprising of a total of 150 members arrived in multiple batches to operate 6 UH-1 helicopters in Pakistan. These personnel helped transport relief goods to the most affected areas in Batagram.

2. Supply of Emergency Assistance Goods

On 11th October, assistance Relief Goods worth of US$ 238,000 reached Pakistan which included blankets, electric generators, water filters, sleeping mats, handy and large water tanks and plastic sheets.

3. Emergency Grant Assistance

On 11th October, the Government of Japan decided to extend a grant assistance amounting to US$ 20 million for the affected people.

  • a) Out of this commitment, US$ 12 million was allotted as bilateral assistance to Pakistan. It was completely disbursed to purchase urgently required relief items/equipments.
  • b) Another US$ 8 million was disbursed to the United Nations in response to its flash appeal, the details of which are as follows:

4. Other Emergency Assistance

  • Relief Goods delivered by Japanese Ruling Parties: The Japanese Ruling Parties delivered a consignment of 20 tonnes of relief goods.
  • Civil Society’s Assistance:
    The Civil Society in Japan has also donated 130 million yen (US$1.2 million) in cash assistance and relief supplies to Pakistan through the Embassy of Pakistan in Japan
  • Donation from Private Sector of Japan:
    The Private Sector in Japan donated generously to the earthquake stricken people and contributed 207 million yen (approx. US$1.9 million) through Japan Red Cross to Pakistan’s Red Crescent Society
  • NGOs’ Activities (770 million yen):
    • Since the occurrence of the earthquake, Japanese NGOs under Japan Plat Form (JPF) have been deeply engaged in the humanitarian assistance including distribution of materials for medical assistance in the disaster-hit areas with the support of ODA (approximately 440 million yen).
    • Considering the request from the Government of Pakistan, in the middle of December, JPF launched “CampJapan”, wintering camp, with the support of ODA (approximately 300 million yen) in the outskirts of Muzaffarabad with more than 300 shelters which had been provided by Japan earlier. “CampJapan” has the capacity to accommodate more than 1,500 afflicted people

Japan Support at the Rehabilitation/Reconstruction Stages

1. ODA Loan Assistance (US$100million)

Japan provided a yen loan amounting to US$100 million to meet the financial needs for emergency reconstruction. The Notes were signed and exchanged on the 5thof January 2006 in Islamabad. US$100 million were disbursed at the end of February 2006. The Government of Pakistan is utilizing the Counterpart Fund of Yen Loan to implement the necessary projects for the earthquake victims.

2. Non-Project Grant Assistance (US$35million)

4 billion yen (approx. US$ 35 million) bilateral Non-Project Grant Assistance (NPGA) to Pakistan was pledged for the reconstruction of the health and educational facilities and for necessary materials to the Batagram District in NWFP, under this NPGA over 100 schools about 20 medical facilities and few bridges is being reconstructed.

3. Emergency Humanitarian Assistance (US$20 million)

US$ 20 million were disbursed to the United Nations, ICRC & IFRC as Emergency Humanitarian Assistance in the following manner.
US$ 20 million to be allocated to:
UNDP: US$ 5 million, WFP: US$ 2.45 million,
UNICEF: US$ 2 million,
UNFPA: US$ 1.3 million, UNESCO: US$ 1.3 million,
UN-HABITAT: US$ 0.15 million, ICRC: US$ 5 million,
IFRC: US$ 2.8 million.

4. Assistance through Japan Trust Funds (US$ 10million)

Japan also decided to earmark US$5 million each from the Japanese Trust Funds already established in both the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank (summing up to US$10 million altogether) in response to their separate appeals for rehabilitation and reconstruction.


5. Urgent Development Study on the Rehabilitation and Reconstruction in MuzaffarabadCity

Japan formulated the Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Plan for MuzaffarabadCity and completed the construction of SathiBaghGovernmentGirlsHigh School as an urgent rehabilitation project.

6. Reconstruction of Four Damaged Bridges and One Culvert on JhelumValley Road (Muzaffarabad-Chakoti)

Four damaged bridges and one culvert on JhelumValley road (Muzaffarabad-Chakoti) are being reconstructed in close cooperation with the National Highway Authority (NHA).

7. Technical Cooperation Project for Designing Prototype Seismic Resistant and Barrier-free Basic Health Unit in the NWFP and AJK

The purpose of the project is to enhance the technical capacities of the Government of NWFP and the Government of AJK which is required for the designing of seismic-resistant and barrier-free primary health care facilities (BHUs).

8. Group Activities by JOCV for victims

The health and mental care of the victims were taken care of by two groups of Japan Overseas Cooperation Volunteers (JOCV) of the victims in ATTOK Camp and in National Institute of Handicapped in Islamabad.

The progress of our Support at the Rehabilitation/Reconstruction Stages

1. Non-Project Grant Assistance (US$35million)

The tentative DHQHospital (prefabricated Operation Theater) and 5 primary schools are constructed in the Batagram District in NWFP. The construction works for other health and educational facilities including 100 primary schools, the DHQ Hospital, 1 Regional Health Center, 1 City Hospital and 13 Basic Health Units have started from October 2006 in the Batagram District in NWFP.

2. Urgent Development Study on Rehabilitation and Reconstruction in MuzaffarabadCity

Japan has formulated the Rehabilitation and Reconstruction Master Plan and the action plan for MuzaffarabadCity and Japan has submitted the final report to ERRA and AJK Government. Japan explained the master plan to the donor community as well as ERRA and AJK Government. Japan has completed the construction work for SathiBaghGovernmentGirlsHigh School as the first earthquake-resistant permanent structure in MuzaffarabadCity.

3. Reconstruction of Four Damaged Bridges and One Culvert on Jhelum Valley Road (Muzaffarabad-Chakoti)

The damaged bridges are in the process of reconstruction.

4. Technical Cooperation Project for Designing Prototype Seismic Resistant and Barrier-free Basic Health Unit in NWFP and AJK

Japan has already completed the construction work of the prototype of BHUs in NWFP and AJK. During this process, Japanese engineers transferred their designing skills to their Pakistani counterparts.

5. Counterpart Fund of Yen Loan Assistance (US$100million)

For utilization of the Counterpart Fund of the Yen Loan, a MOU was signed between JBIC and the Government of Pakistan on 3rd of July 2006. This fund will be used for the necessary projects in order to help the earthquake victims. Both parties agreed to hold joint review meetings semi-annually between themselves so as to review the progress and decide on the allocation of the Counterpart Fund for the next period.


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