With GNI per capita of US$1,430 (World Bank: 2021), Haiti is the poorest country in the Western hemisphere. The country faces many development issues such as a lack of basic social services, due to long-term political instability and frequent natural disasters. In January 2010, an earthquake of magnitude 7.0 struck the country at the heart of its capital and some neighboring cities. This earthquake killed about 310,000 people, and resulted in severe damages equivalent to US$7.8 billion of loss, that was 1.2 times the country's GDP at the time. Another earthquake of magnitude 7.2 struck again the western part of Haiti in August 2021, and killed 2,200 people and destroyed 53,000 houses.
Since the outbreak of the earthquake in 2010, Haiti has been working on the reconstruction of the country with the assistance of the international community. From the perspective of human security, JICA supports the establishment of basic social services in Haiti, with focus on the improvement of health and sanitation conditions and the promotion of education. Considering the importance of food security, JICA also assists the in the agricultural sector.