Tanzania is recognized as a lower middle-income country with GNI per capita of 1,080 US dollars (2020, World Bank) and the basic needs poverty has declined from 26.4% in 2017 to 25.7% in 2020 (National Bureau of Statistics (NBS), Government of Tanzania).

While Tanzania has ascended to a lower-middle income country, the status is an incentive to continuing to build a Competitive and Industrial Economy for Human Development to achieve the goals of the Vision by addressing some of her binding constraints of realising industrialisation and human development by 2025. Notable areas are; improving key productive infrastructures as well as reliable access to energy; continually strengthening the business and investment-enabling environment through effective policies to facilitate free private sector competition; and to improve and strengthen education and training systems, as well as integrating research and development with productive economic activities (2021, the National Five-Year Development Plan (FYDP) III, Government of Tanzania).

JICA's support to Tanzania primarily focuses on: 1) Nurturing driving forces of economic growth, 2) Infrastructure development conducive to economic and social development, and 3) Improvement of Governance and the Public Service Delivery.

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