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Outline of the Project

Project Name

Participatory Land and Forest Management Project for Reducing Deforestation in Lao PDR (PAREDD)



Date R/D signed

August 4, 2009


Project Site

Luang Prabang Province, Laos
Target sites:
1) Houay khot village cluster (4 villages) in Phu Chom Nge District Conservation Area
2) Houay khing village cluster(6 villages) in Nam Pa National Protection Area
3) Tong si village cluster(6 villages)

Term of Cooperation

August 24, 2009 – August 23, 2014

Implementing Organization

National Agriculture and Forestry Extension Service (NAFES), Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry, Department of Forestry (DOF), Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry


Villagers in target sites, and Extension staff of target provinces and districts

Project Background

In the 1940's, Laos had around 70% of the total national land area. But it has degreased about 41.5% in 2002. In the North, the area of shifting cultivation is on the rise while it decreases at national level. It was considered that the increase of shifting cultivation is the primary cause of the higher rate of forest loss in the North.

In the meantime, the transition from subsistence agriculture toward commercial agriculture has affected the land and forest use patterns as well as rural livelihoods in the northern upland area. Land conversion for industrial plantations and commercial agriculture development are competing with upland rice cultivation for available land, and such competing land use, if not managed properly, can cause land and forest degradation.

Forest Management and Community Support Project (FORCOM), implemented from 2004 to 2009 by NAFES and JICA, aimed to promote sustainable land and forest use in nine districts of six northern provinces of Laos to stabilize/reduce the shifting cultivation. Provided that shifting cultivation was a major cause of deforestation and degradation in the target area, FORCOM developed the Community Support Programme Tool (CSPT[1]) as a tool for providing alternative livelihoods to farmers so that they could reduce dependency on shifting cultivation and consequently mitigate pressure on forests.

However, in order to reduce the deforestation and forest degradation which is driven by various land use factors, it is becoming increasingly necessary to strengthen sustainable land and forest management at the village level.

In the meantime, Reducing Emission from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD), or a climate mitigation measure to provide incentives for the conservation of carbon stored in existing forests, is being discussed under the UN Framework Conservation on Climate Change (UNFCCC).

Under the circumstances, JICA dispatched a detailed planning survey team in January 2009 and, through discussions with concerned authorities, set out the new project concepts and overall implementation structure for addressing participatory land and forest management for reducing deforestation in the northern part of Laos.

Based on the detailed planning, the GOL and JICA agreed to commence the Participatory Land and Forest Management Project for Reducing Deforestation in Lao P.D.R. as specified in the Record of Discussions (R/D) signed by both sides in August 2009.

Project Design

(1) Overall Goal

The system of reducing deforestation is applied in the northern part of Laos.

(2) Project Purpose

The system of reducing deforestation is developed through participatory land and forest management.

(3) Project Outputs

Output 1

The system of reducing deforestation is designed through improvement of Community Support Programme Tool (CSPT).


1-1Identify lessons learnt and issues in FORCOM sites for CSPT improvement.
1-2Consolidate CSPT to align with upland development initiatives.
1-3Improve CSPT for integrating into the system of reducing deforestation.
1-4Identify recommended activities for reducing deforestation based on the information on agriculture and forestry.
1-5Design the planning stage of the system of reducing deforestation based on the official manual on agriculture and forest land use planning.
1-6Design the monitoring stage of the system of reducing deforestation.
1-7Draft a manual on the system of reducing deforestation.

Output 2

The system of reducing deforestation is implemented in PAREDD sites.


2-1Select 2 or 3 clusters as PAREDD sites.
2-2Provide training for extension staffs on the planning and implementation stages of the system of reducing deforestation.
2-3Formulate village land and forest use plan by villager's participation.
2-4Implement mitigation activities.
2-5Modify the draft manual on the planning and implementation stages of the system of reducing deforestation.

Output 3

Changes in forest cover/carbon stock and socio-economic conditions are monitored in and around the PAREDD sites.


3-1Identify underlying causes of deforestation and forest degradation.
3-2Establish a baseline for monitoring on changes in forest cover/carbon stock.
3-3Prepare baseline data on socio-economic conditions.
3-4Monitor forest cover/carbon stock.
3-5Monitor socio-economic conditions.

Output 4

The system of reducing deforestation is proposed as a mitigation measure for climate change.


4-1Assess the outcomes/impacts of the system of reducing deforestation in the PAREDD sites.
4-2Consolidate the system of reducing deforestation based on the assessment.
4-3Organize workshops to share the results of the system of reducing deforestation.
4-4Make recommendations based on the finalized system of reducing deforestation and its implementation results.


- Japanese side

  1. Expert
    Long-term: Chief Advisor, Project Coordinator/Extension Promotion, Forest Resource Management, Rural Development
    Short-term: Forest Resource Monitoring、Agriculture Improvement、Satellite Image Analysis etc.
  2. Counterpart training in Japan
  3. Provision of Machinery and Equipment: Vehicle(4WD),Motorbike, GPS、OA etc

- Laos Side

  1. Assignment of counterpart and administrative personal
  2. Project office, Electricity, water supply and necessary telecommunication facilities
  3. Running expenses necessary for the implementation of the Project


  • [1] Community Support Programme Tool (CSPT):
    CSPT is a tool for rural development and outlines necessary process and actions for participatory planning, implementation and monitoring in agriculture and forestry extension work. As such, the CSPT can be applied to various kinds of rural development projects which promote poverty eradication, shifting cultivation stabilization and so forth.


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