The Lai Nullah Basin has a catchment area of 234.8 km2, extending to the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi. The Lai Nullah Basin receives heavy rainfall averaging 500 mm in the monsoon season (July September) every year, which normally leads to heavy flood discharge. During the last 60 years (1944 2004) a total of 19 flood events had occurred. In other words enormous flood damage broke out almost once in every three years.
On July 23, 2001, an unprecedented rainfall occurred over Islamabad Rawalpindi resulting in 620 mm of rain in a span of about 10 hours. The flood had caused the worst damage in the basin including death of 74 people and the complete or partial destruction of about 3,000 houses.
The Study on Comprehensive Flood Mitigation and Environmental Improvement Plan for the Lai Nullah Basin (the Master Plan Study) was undertaken by the Federal Flood Commission (FFC) of the Ministry of Water & Power (MWP), through a technical cooperation provided by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) during the period May 2002 to September 2003.
Based on the Master Plan, the Government of Pakistan requested the Government of Japan to provide assistance through Japanese Grant Aid for the installation of equipment and facilities for the Lai Nullah Flood Forecasting and Warning System (FFWS) as one of urgent projects on Lai Nullah Basin in August 2003. The Project for FFWS was completed on March 2007. During the operation and maintenance stage of FFWS, there were some technical difficulties observed.
In response to the request from the Government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan, the Preparatory Study Team (hereinafter referred to as "the Team") organized by Japan International Cooperation Agency (hereinafter referred to as "JICA"), conducted the preparatory study from 13 August to 1 September, 2007, for the purpose of working out the details of the technical cooperation program concerning the Project for Strengthening of Flood Risk Management in Lai Nullah Basin (hereinafter referred to as the 'Project'), in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. During the study, the Team exchanged views and had a series of discussions with the Pakistani authorities concerned with respect to desirable measures to be taken by JICA and the Government of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan represented by Federal Flood Commission (hereinafter referred to as 'FFC'), City District Government of Rawalpindi (hereinafter referred to as 'CDG'), Pakistan Meteorological Department (hereinafter referred to as 'PMD') and other organizations concerned, for the successful implementation of the above-mentioned Project. As a result of the discussions, the Team and the Pakistani authorities concerned agreed to recommend to their respective Governments the matters. Minutes of Meeting was signed on 30 August 2007.
The Project target site is affected by the flood in 2001 at the Lai Nullah River Basin.
The Project execute among twenty-five (24) months from December 2007 to November 2009 is divided by two (2) Phases.
For the effective and successful implementation of the Project, JCC will be established in order to fulfill the following function;
Basic police for the management of activities will be based on the approved PDM and it shall be managed by C/P and JICA Expert Team. PDM will be modified, if any change of pre-conditions arises, with discussion the concerned organizations at once.
Collaborative Management with Counterpart (C/P) by using PDM